Midterm Master Quizlet - Quizzes Studymoose (2024)

question

True/False: Bach's concertos do not show any appeal of instrumental variety.

answer

False

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True/False: The Four Seasons are the most famous early examples of program music.

answer

True

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True/False: The harpsichord is not as touch-sensitive an instrument as the piano.

answer

True

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True/False: The sonata was a multimovement work.

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True

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A Baroque suite typically included the following movements:a. allemandeb. giguec. couranted. sarabandee. all of the above

answer

e

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A sarabande is...a. a band of sara playersb. a slow stately dance of Spanish originc. a musical instrument similar to the cellod. a group of Baroque instrumentalistse. a prelude for worship

answer

b

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A suite is...a. two musical works joined by a short bridge, similar to the way a suite of rooms are joinedb. music that is light and cheerfulc. a collection of dances linked by key and sometimes melodic materiald. a set of songs that tell a storye. a collection of string instruments that play in a chamber suite of a castle

answer

c

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A trio sonata typically requireda. three performersb. six performers, which doubled each partc. four performers with two on melody and two on continuod. a full string ensemblee. the use of a piano

answer

c

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In an ensemble, one often hears...a. the rhythm of the harpsichord more clearly than the pitchesb. the harpsichord ringing loudly over all other instrumentsc. the melody of the harpsichord, but cannot detect the rhythmd. no harpsichord at all because it is very softe. the harpsichord only when it plays in the very low register

answer

a

question

In Bach's third Brandenburg Concertoa. the entire movement grows out of the opening ritornellob. the opening ritornello begins with short, clearly articulated phrasesc. there is no ritornellod. the ritornello appears at the end of the movement and not at the beginninge. the score is written in gray ink

answer

a

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The Baroque texture contains all of the following excepta. a steady basso continuob. an obbligato on every refrainc. one or more melodic parts at the topd. keyboard chords filling in the spacee. common practice harmony unifying the parts

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b

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The concerto added a new expressive dimension to Baroque music because ita. added vocalsb. used chordal harmonyc. enabled composers to add varietyd. eliminates the old use of a ritornelloe. does not sustain a single affect throughout a movement

answer

c

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The core instruments of Baroque music area. recorder, drums and harpb. harpsichord and stringsc. piano and stringsd. sackbute. trumpets, cymbals and bells

answer

b

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The harpsichordist generally usesa. a fully notated musical scoreb. figured bassc. the Nashville number systemd. total improvisatione. the same part as the violin

answer

b

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The one musical genre in which Bach did not compose wasa. organ fuguesb. cantatasc. orchestral worksd. dance suitese. opera

answer

e

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The style of the sonata is derived most directly from thea. basso continuob. canzonac. cantatad. opera overturee. music of Hildegard

answer

b

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Which of the following is not true of Bach's time of composition?a. Composers were highly regarded as the top of the social class and were given complete freedom to compose their own music and style.b. There was little financial incentive to compose.c. All works were guaranteed a large public performance in a major venue.d. The contrapuntal style grew increasingly more popular.e. There was a great financial gain offered for the completion of The Art of the Fugue.

answer

e

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True/False: A church sonata was a two movement work that was used in worship, but never during mass.

answer

False

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True/False: A concert conducted by Felix Mendelssohn, long after Bach's death, brought Bach's music to the attention of scholars and audiences and led to him being recognized as a great composer.

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True

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True/False: Arcangelo Corelli could have been considered a legend in his own time.

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True

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True/False: Bach was more inventive in instrumentation than any of his contemporary composers.

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True

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True/False: The dominant orchestral genre of the late Baroque, featuring the contrast between large and small or an orchestra made up of strings with one or more spotlighted instruments, is called a concerto.

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True (teacher said false)

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True/False: Luther's "Ein' Feste Burg" is a symphony.

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False

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True/False: The industrial reform movement swept sixteenth-century northern Europe.

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False

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Handel had remarkable improvisational skills at the organ.

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True

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The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

FalseThe term concerto refers to a soloist accompanied by an orchestra.

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What instrument plays the following excerpt?-play 0:00-0:21-

answer

Harpsichord

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Although Chopin admired Italian bel canto, he didn't think of the piano as a singing instrument.

answer

FalseChopin was able to reinvent the piano as a singing instrument, much along the lines of the Italian bel canto (beautiful singing) which he so greatly admired.

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Handel's Eight Suites for Keyboard remained largely unknown in the 18th century, except among his friends.

answer

FalseAlthough many of his keyboard works circulated in manuscript form among his friends, his Eight Suites for Keyboard (1720)—which he himself painstakingly prepared—remain one of the best-known published collection of harpsichord pieces of the 18th century.

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What instrument plays this example?

answer

Organ

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Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

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FalseConstruction and sound production are not the same among keyboard instruments.

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Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.

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True

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The following excerpt is a clear example of:-play 1:50-2:01-

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Word painting

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The following 11-second excerpt represents word painting in:-play 0:00-0:11-

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A suite by Jean-Phillippe Rameau.This excerpt comes from Rameau's Suite in G Major - minor where it's hard to miss the image of a chicken clucking and pecking away in the repeated notes and fast runs you just heard.

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The term controller refers to:

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The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument

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Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

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False

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The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.

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False

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What instrument plays this example? (1:09)

answer

Organ

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What instrument plays this example? (2:06)

answer

Piano

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Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.

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True

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The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.

answer

Recital

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The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

False

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What instrument plays this example? (1:43)

answer

Harpsichord?

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What instrument plays this example? (5:37)

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Synthesizer

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A music ensemble is:

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A group of musicians that perform as a unit

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Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.

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false

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Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre.

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True

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The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.

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True

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When applied to music, the term "dynamics" refers to changes in:

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Volume

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According to the Listening Guide for the "Hallelujah Chorus", both polyphonic and homophonic textures are featured.

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True

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Musicians can often hear the notes in a piece of music without actually playing them.

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True

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The performer's messages, emotions, images, memories, and/or thoughts are contained in the music score.

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False

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The degree to which the listener feels moved by or connected to the music is determined by the performer's technical skill.

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False

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A music score contains:

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The written notation of a music composition. Correct

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Deep River is a great example of a jazz piece.

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False

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All world music traditions make a distinction between composer and performer.

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False

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An ensemble can be comprised of as few as 2 or as many as 100 musicians or more.

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True

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According to the text, A-B-A form can be thought of as:

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A musical sandwich Correct

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The concept of form is associated with the following elements:

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All of these options Correct

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In the Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin, the chords played by the right hand represent the accompaniment.

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False

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Form is a way of defining the organization of a piece of music.

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True

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According to the text, the form of a piece of music does not contribute to its emotional message.

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False

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The term étude refers to pieces that are used to teach a particular technical skill to performers.

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True

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Ternary form is one of the most common forms for all styles of music.

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True

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Structure is not a crucial aspect of music.

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False Correct

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Musical associations remained fixed in time.

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False

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Which instrument is not the name of a type of African talking drum:

answer

atele?

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Music's main power is its ability to symbolize an era of society or culture.

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False

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Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.

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True

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Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.

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True

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Which of the following statements is not true:

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Music cannot be used for utilitarian purposes. Correct

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Musical connotation is reinforced by the use of certain instruments.

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True

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In many commercial establishments, music is used to manipulate a consumer's mood.

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True

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Evidence of the healing power of music has only been collected recently.

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False

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Select the culture whose mythology is filled with references to the healing power of music:

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All of these answers Correct

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Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.

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False

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Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?

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The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat" Correct

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Which of the following is true of the casual listener?

answer

Describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat." Correct

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A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

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False

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A listener's classification can change from casual to referential, but not from critical to perceptive.

answer

False

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A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.

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True

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Which movement from Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique includes a ranz des vaches:

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"Scenes from the Field" Correct

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Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.

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False

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Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.

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True

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The Concerts spirituels were founded by musicians of the Paris opera to lend legitimacy to the playing of instrumental music during religious festivals.

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True

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What are the short segments played by the piano alone?

answer

Riffs

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According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music

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False

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According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.

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False

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Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

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True

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Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been written by an individual.

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True

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It is common to think of art music as superior to other kinds of music.

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True

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Riffs refers to:

answer

Short melodic and rhythmic patterns Correct

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According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not musically exclusive genres.

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True

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates pitch.

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False

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Rhythm is created by the combination of duration and _________.

answer

Tempo

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A rest symbol indicates:

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A rest symbol indicates:

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Music notation can be thought of as a:

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Form of communication among musicians. Correct

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The value of the ___ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.

answer

whole

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In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical:

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notation

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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.

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False

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Which of the two following statements is true?

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Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

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According to the text, because composers provide notation, musicians do not need to be concerned with fitting sounds together in time.

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False

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In the Western music tradition, understanding regarding the duration of sounds has been transmitted via oral means.

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False

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Which of the following determines the precise pitch of a sound?

answer

vibrations

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Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?

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One cycle per second Correct

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The pitch of a sound is a person's absolute perception of how high or low that sound is.

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False

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On a piano keyboard, playing successive keys to the right produces:

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Slightly higher pitches Correct

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Our ears can perceive the entire range of possible sounds.

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False

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The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:

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16 and 20,000 Hertz Correct

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A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.

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False

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he black key to the right of G is called G

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sharp

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The letter name for white keys on the keyboard is fixed regardless of the musical context of a given composition.

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False

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The name of the white key to the immediate left of the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:

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C

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The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B

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flat

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The pitch letter names correspond to:

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The white keys on a piano keyboard Correct

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According to the text, there are always ____ keys from a letter name to its next occurrence up or down the keyboard.

answer

eight

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The "sandwich" key on the piano keyboard is always D.

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True Correct

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If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:

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Twice as fast Correct

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If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the left (down) will vibrate:

answer

Twice as slow Correct

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We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G.

answer

True

question

A music notation system is a collection of _______ that people use to represent and interpret sounds.

answer

Symbols

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In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration.

answer

True

question

A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.

answer

False

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Noteheads are placed on either lines or spaces on the staff to represent different pitches.

answer

True

question

The following are examples of notation systems:

answer

All of these options Correct

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Successive lines and spaces from top to bottom of the staff represent successively lower pitches.

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True

question

The system of parallel lines and spaces used to write music is called notation.

answer

True

question

In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:

answer

The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff Correct

question

The staff is a system of:

answer

Five lines and four spaces Correct

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Noteheads always need to be centered on the line or space they inhabit.

answer

True

question

The two tones of an octave vibrate at the same frequency rate.

answer

False

question

When calculating intervals, both the start and end notes should be included in the count.

answer

True

question

The distance between two pitches is called a/an

answer

interval

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The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:

answer

Fifth

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A fifth above E is

answer

B Correct

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The descending interval between A and F is a:

answer

Third

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A(n)________ is the interval from any note to its nearest neighbor.

answer

Second

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Which of the following is a true statement?

answer

Octave is the name of a particular interval size Correct

question

A fourth below D is A.

answer

true

question

An interval can be thought of as the distance between two letter names.

answer

true

question

Musicians have always made their own choices regarding volume to fine tune their playing to specific performance spaces.

answer

False

question

Volume and dynamics are interchangeable terms.

answer

True

question

A pianist's skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer's

answer

touch

question

Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:

answer

His work in music education Correct

question

Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamics:

answer

Well into the 17th century Correct

question

Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas.

answer

False

question

To keep things straight, musical instruments can only belong to one instrument classification.

answer

False

question

Which of the following expressions is often used in reference to timbre?

answer

tone color Correct

question

The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:

answer

Electrophone

question

What instrument category does the horn belong to?

answer

Aerophone

question

If someone said that instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?

answer

False

question

The term________ refers to the part of a singer's vocal range that is used most in a song.

answer

Tessitura

question

Some famous female roles in the history of opera have only been possible because 19th-century composers started giving important roles to:

answer

Mezzo-sopranos Correct

question

The baritone range lies between the bass and the tenor.

answer

True

question

Which of the following operas is based on a story set in British India, where a British officer falls in love with the daughter of a Brahmin priest, with tragic consequences for her?

answer

Lakmé

question

The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.

answer

False

question

Where do the viola players sit?

answer

In area No. 2

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A fugue is a traditional form of composition in which all the parts enter at the same time using the same theme.

answer

False

question

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.

answer

False

question

In The Young Person's Guide, the theme is played more than eight times in order to give each instrument family a chance to play.

answer

False

question

The Young Person's Guide ends with a fugue, which is:

answer

A traditional form of composition in which one part enters after another using the same theme. Correct

question

According to the text, keyboards make up the fifth family of instruments and occasionally appear with the orchestra.

answer

True

question

All string instruments are traditionally played using all of the available performance techniques such as plucking, strumming, bowing, and rubbing.

answer

False

question

The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.

answer

True

question

How does a violinist control dynamics?

answer

By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings Correct

question

According to the text, guitars can be strummed and also:

answer

Plucked

question

The way that a wind instrument player places the lips, teeth, and tongue on the instrument's mouthpiece is NOT significant to the sound of the instrument.

answer

False

question

Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:

answer

Oboe, Bassoon Correct

question

The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines:

answer

volume

question

Woodwind instruments can be classified as:

answer

Aerophones

question

The trumpet and the French horn use valves to change pitch.

answer

True

question

The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:

answer

Trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba Correct

question

The modern tuba was invented by a bandmaster in Rome.

answer

False

question

According to the text, the modern horn is a straight tube measuring anywhere between 9 and 12 feet that ends in a widely flared bell.

answer

False Correct

question

Which of the following is not a member of the brass family?

answer

English horn Correct

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:

answer

Cymbals

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?

answer

Timpani

question

Timpani are capable of producing an actual pitch.

answer

True

question

Kettledrum is another name for timpani.

answer

True

question

The orchestra snare drum is played attached by a sling to the player's side.

answer

False

question

Castanets are traditionally played by shaking them.

answer

False

question

Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

answer

False

question

Chopin continued to play organ concertos even after he lost his sight.

answer

False

question

The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

False

question

Unfortunately, Chopin died before he could take advantage of advances in piano construction developed by Pleyel and Company.

answer

False

question

Handel had remarkable improvisational skills at the organ.

answer

True

question

The term controller refers to:

answer

The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument Correct

question

The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.

answer

False

question

Harpsichord was used in the following ways:

answer

As a solo instrument, as an accompanying instrument, and in opera. Correct

question

On the harpsichord, tones are produced by strings stretched over the

answer

sound board

question

All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.

answer

False

question

When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.

answer

quill; pluck Correct

question

The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:

answer

Moves the hammers closer to the strings Correct

question

The piano was developed from the harpsichord.

answer

True

question

The upright piano was first developed in:

answer

Philadelphia, USA

question

There are only 88 keys on a piano, but there are over 200 strings.

answer

True

question

The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.

answer

Keyboard, Pipes

question

The first organ used water to control wind pressure.

answer

True

question

The three types of organ pipes are reed pipes, flue pipes, and rank pipes.

answer

False

question

Ctesibius is credited with having invented the first organ in 1853.

answer

False

question

In the organ, volume is determined by:

answer

Wind pressure Correct

question

Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.

answer

False

question

What is the function of the amplifier?

answer

It amplifies loudness

question

The three types of synthesizers are:

answer

Analog synthesizers, digital synthesizers, samplers Correct

question

The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.

answer

True

question

The Mimimoog Model D, one of the most popular synthesizers in history, was launched in what year:

answer

1970

question

In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.

answer

True

question

Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf? (00:15)

answer

Bassoon

question

The name of this instrument is:

answer

Oboe

question

Listen to this excerpt by the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev (00:47)

answer

Bassoon

question

Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt? (00:12)

answer

Clarinet

question

Which woodwind instrument is the soloist playing in this example?

answer

Flute

question

The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:

answer

Flute, clarinet, oboe and bassoon

question

Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen.

answer

Flute

question

In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.

answer

True

question

In Prokofiev's: ""Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "Duck"?

answer

oboe

question

Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?

answer

Clarinet

question

The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is le bouche.

answer

False

question

The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines ___________.

answer

Volume

question

Identify the single reed instrument:

answer

Clarinet

question

In prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf, which instrument represents the Peter?

answer

Strings

question

Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:

answer

Oboe, Bassoon

question

A fugue is a traditional form of composition in which all the parts enter at the same time using the same theme.

answer

False; a Fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase (the subject) is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts.

question

Traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.

answer

False

question

What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?

answer

Makes sure that, when appropriate, players improvise their parts correctly

question

A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.

answer

True

question

The sole function of the conductor is to beat time

answer

False

question

In The Young Person's Guide, the theme is played more than eight times in order to give each instrument family a chance to play

answer

False

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.This 16-second example represents:

answer

An excerpt played by the woodwinds.

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this short excerpt:

answer

The trumpets play a variation

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.This short excerpt represents

answer

The grand conclusion of the piece

question

Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that a conductor makes?

answer

Whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton

question

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.

answer

False

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt:

answer

NOT The full orchestra plays throughout.

question

The Young Person's Guide ends with a fugue, which is:

answer

NOT None of these options

question

The sole function of the conductor is to beat time.

answer

False

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?

answer

Snare drum

question

false

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt, the brass family plays throughout.

question

the brass start and the strings take over

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt:

question

the grand conclusion of the piece

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt:

question

brass

answer

This example is played by the ________.

question

whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton

answer

Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that a conductor makes?

question

woodwind family

answer

Which instrument family plays this example?

question

in area No. 2

answer

Seating Chart of the Traditional Symphony OrchestraWhere do the viola players sit?

question

french horns

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.Which brass instruments are featured prominently in this selection?

question

snare drum

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?

question

false

answer

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts

question

The height of vocal music in the church was written by:

answer

Palestrina

question

Stirring brass music, performed in Venice, composed by:

answer

Gabrieli

question

The Venetian School in St. Mark's Basilica provided:

answer

early brass music

question

A secular 'a-cappella' vocal style, performed in homes, was called:

answer

a Madrigal

question

Madrigals were first created in:

answer

Italy

question

Madrigals were greatly enhanced by the:

answer

composers of England

question

One of the greatest of the English Madrigal composers was:

answer

Sir Thomas Morley

question

The term 'a Cappella' means:

answer

vocal music without accompaniment

question

As a reversal of the rules from the Council of Trent:

answer

Palestrina saved polyphony

question

The Catholic Church countered the reform nation with its own:

answer

Counter Reformation

question

One of the greatest composers the mid Renaissance was:

answer

Josquin Desprez

question

Musica Reservata refers to:

answer

Reserved musicCalm and beautiful

question

The style of harmony based on the interval of a 3rd is called:

answer

Tertian Harmony

question

The music of John Dunstable is well known for:

answer

The usage of the 3rd

question

The Council of Trent opposed the usage of:

answer

Florid polyphony

question

The Protestant church was born because of:

answer

The Reformation

question

English Madrigals were known for:

answer

"Nonsense" syllables such as fa, la, la

question

The Lutheran Church was founded by:

answer

Martin Luther

question

Madrigals, sung for pleasure in homes:

answer

We're typically a-Cappella

question

Madrigals typically used:

answer

"Pastoral" texts

question

Martin Luther wanted his church service to be:

answer

Centered on the Chorale

question

Palestrina wrote the famous:

answer

Pope Marsellus mass

question

The middle class made huge gains during the:

answer

Renaissance

question

Madrigals provided great enjoyment when:

answer

Sung in the home

question

The great composer Giovanni Pierluigi is known by his towns name:

answer

Palestrina

question

The reformation was begun by a German priest named:

answer

Martin Luther

question

The Dance Suite was the most popular usage of instrumental music:

answer

During the era

question

The renaissance is said to have spanned the years from:

answer

1400-1600

question

Italy was the main center of musical activity during the:

answer

16th century

question

The meaning of the French word Renaissance means:

answer

Rebirth

question

Chordophones

answer

Instruments with strings that can be plucked or bowed

question

The shape of the sound waves produced by a violin is what makes it sound like a violin.

answer

True

question

The shape of the sound waves produced by a voice or instrument determines timbre.

answer

True

question

If someone said that instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?

answer

False

question

Aerophones

answer

Instruments that sound by means of vibrating air

question

Idiophone

answer

an instrument the whole of which vibrates to produce a sound when struck, shaken, or scraped, such as a bell, gong, or rattle.

question

Membranophone

answer

instruments, typically drums, that use a vibrating stretched membrane as the principal means of sound production

question

Which of the following expressions is often used in reference to timbre?

answer

Tone color

question

To keep things straight, musical instruments can only belong to one instrument classification.

answer

False

question

If someone said that instruments that produce sounds via vibrating columns of air are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?

answer

True

question

Descending intervals are calculated differently from ascending ones.

answer

False

question

The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:ThirdSixthFifthFourth

answer

Fifth

question

Which of the following is a true statement?A synonym for distance is octaveThe fifth is a kind of octaveInterval is the name of a particular octave sizeOctave is the name of a particular interval size

answer

Octave is the name of a particular interval size

question

The two tones of an octave vibrate at the same frequency rate.

answer

False:The two tones of an octave DO NOT vibrate at the same frequency rate: the higher tone vibrates at twice the frequency rate of the lower tone.

question

The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies.

answer

False:The two notes of an octave sound similar, not exactly the same.

question

The interval between D and the next G above that D, is called a:FourthFifthOctaveThird

answer

Fourth

question

The distance between two pitches is called a/an _________

answer

interval

question

When calculating intervals, both the start and end notes should be included in the count.

answer

True

question

Ascending and descending intervals are calculated:Exactly the sameDifferently because one goes upwards and the other downwardsTaking into account white and black keys.Carefully considering ascending or descending frequencies

answer

A: Exactly the same

question

The descending interval between A and F is a:FifthFourthThirdSecond

answer

Third

question

The text states that __________ is the essential element in music

answer

Rhythm

question

In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical __________

answer

Notation

question

Which of the two following statements is true?

answer

Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.

answer

False

question

Time values in music are expressed in:

answer

Relative terms

question

The value of the ______ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.

answer

whole

question

Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests.

answer

True

question

One of the main purposes of music notation is to preserve the oral tradition of almost every type of society.

answer

False

question

A rest symbol indicates:

answer

A period of silence

question

instrument heard

answer

horn

question

A cadential point brings the musical phrase to a resting point, which may or may not be followed by a pause.

answer

example c

question

The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.

answer

true

question

Which of the following excerpts from See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes uses loud dynamics?

answer

Example A

question

Dynamic variety refers to the use of different sound sources.

answer

False, refers to different volumes

question

Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre.

answer

True

question

Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes.Which of the following two excerpts combines more instruments and louder dynamics?

answer

Example A

question

Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes.Which of the following excerpts combines ensemble playing and soft dynamics?

answer

Example B

question

Listen to the following excerpts of Idea A from G. F. Handel's See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes.Which one is played by a solo instrument?

answer

Example B

question

Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.

answer

False; unity is for familiarity and variety for interest and unexpected

question

The following is an example of solo performer

answer

False; can hear wind and string

question

The following features instrumental, string, vocal, or percussion?

answer

vocal, sounds like opera

question

The following features a musical ensemble

answer

False, solo piano

question

The performer acts as a bridge between the composer and the listener.

answer

True

question

Interpretation is one of the composer's most important tasks.

answer

False, performer is interpreter

question

The following excerpt features a musical ensemble(Hallelujah)

answer

True

question

Deep River is an example of Jazz

answer

False; spiritual piece

question

The following features a solo performer

answer

True: quick paced solo piano

question

According to Booker T. Washington, plantation songs have nothing to do with religious fervor.

answer

False

question

Great performers possess outstanding technique but may not have deep musical understanding.

answer

False; technique and understanding

question

A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

True

question

Referential listeners are most common types of listeners

answer

False; casual are

question

Music not associated with particular story, image, object, or event is called

answer

Absolute

question

Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional charecters

answer

false; for example Symphonia Fantastique

question

This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?

answer

enjoy music as background

question

The critical listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.

answer

false; that's perspective listener

question

The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.

answer

true

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

False; perceptive listeners combine all 3 charecteristics and is not limited to any 1

question

Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.

answer

true

question

Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?

answer

The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"

question

Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?

answer

Excerpt B was used in the text to illustrate program music. Listen to how the music tells a story with a quick tempo, interesting instrumentation and a skipping elf-like rhythm at the beginning.

question

Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.

answer

true;Jazz predecessors include, among others, plantation songs, spirituals, and river boat music.

question

Art music is superior to folk or popular music

answer

False

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

false, cannot agree

question

Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.

answer

False, that would me folk- no written documents or music scores

question

Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been created by individual

answer

True

question

According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not mutually exclusive genres.

answer

True

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

True

question

According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music.

answer

False; rich, varied, and complicated

question

Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

answer

True

question

A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years.

answer

False

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?

answer

Excerpt A; drum african music

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?

answer

Excerpt B; wind instruments

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of art music?

answer

Excerpt B- sounds like mozart or somethin

question

According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.

answer

False, Russian character not Romanian

question

Which of the following most likely contains an improvised solo?

answer

Excerpt C; Jazz solo

question

Riff

answer

short melodic and rhythmic patterns

question

short segments played by piano alone

answer

riffs

question

A rest symbol indicates:

answer

period of silence

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.

answer

False, only duration

question

Time values are expressed in absolute terms

answer

False; only relative terms

question

A notes duration is indicated by

answer

whether note head is filled in or not and # of flags on stem

question

Text states that________ is essential element in music

answer

rhythm

question

in western tradition, note symbol indicates pitch

answer

false, indicates duration not pitchpitch is by notehead on specific line or space on staff

question

Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests

answer

true

question

Which of the two following statements is true?Time values in music are expressed in absolute terms.Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

answer

Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

question

Value of a ___ note serves as basis for relative value of all other notes

answer

whole note

question

IN western tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical _____

answer

notation

question

The frequency of the lowest sound that the normal human ear can perceive ranges between 16 and 20 Hertz.

answer

True

question

A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.

answer

False; Regardless of how hard we pluck it, a long string will always vibrate at a slower frequency than a shorter one and, therefore, will produce a lower pitch.

question

The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:

answer

16 and 20,000 hertz

question

The following excerpt from Pictures at an Exhibition features low pitches.

answer

True

question

Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?

answer

one cycle per second

question

Which of the following excerpts suggests increasing tension in the music?

answer

excerpt B suggests an increase in tension brought about through the increasing rise in pitch

question

It is very important to recognize that pitch is a relative concept.

answer

true

question

In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:

answer

The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff

question

Each line and space on the staff represents a different:

answer

Pitch

question

The collection of parallel lines and spaces on which notes are written is called notation.

answer

false; that would be staff

question

The staff is a system of:

answer

5 lines and 4 spaces

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration

answer

true

question

A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.

answer

False;

question

The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B

answer

flat

question

The name of the white key in between the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:

answer

D

question

If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:

answer

twice as fast

question

The interval between any two adjacent C's on the keyboard is called a/an

answer

Octave

question

We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G

answer

true

question

The black key to the right of G is called G

answer

G Sharp

question

The key indicated by the arrow above is correctly labeled.

answer

false, F sharp or G flat

question

If the frequency of the C in the middle is 256 Hz, the corresponding frequencies on either side of that C are

answer

512 Hz on the one to the right, and 128 Hz on the one to the left

question

The pitch letter names correspond to:

answer

the white keys on a piano

question

When keys that correspond to consecutive letter names are played sequentially they create a

answer

Scale

question

Which of the following is a true statement?

answer

Octave is name of particular interval size

question

The distance between two pitches is called a/an

answer

interval

question

The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies

answer

false; similar not same

question

The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:

answer

fifth

question

Ascending and descending intervals are calculated:

answer

exactly the same

question

Percussion players produce more or less volume by changing bow pressure and speed.

answer

False; they don't use a bow

question

The volume of this excerpt is an example of crescendo.

answer

False; volume is constant

question

Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:

answer

His work in music education

question

Volume of Beethovens Pastoral Symphony is decrescendo

answer

true; becomes softer

question

Musical excerpt is an example of piano volume

answer

False; This excerpt from Chopin's Revolutionary Étude is an example of forte volume

question

Music excerpt is an example of forte

answer

true; This excerpt from Antonin Dvorak's Slavonic Dance No. 8 is an example of forte.

question

This volume excerpt is an example of

answer

crescendo; louder

question

A pianist's skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer's____

answer

touch

question

Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas.

answer

false; one of most imp opera composers

question

For the most part, pianists and harpsichordists don't have direct contact with the strings of their instruments. Therefore, they manipulate sound through a ____mechanism.

answer

keyboard mechanism attached to a hammer (piano) or plectrum (harpsichord) that strikes or plucks the strings.

question

Which of the following factors that influence dynamic change is at work in the following example?

answer

energy

question

As a musical concept, dynamics covers only the overall loudness or softness of a piece of music.

answer

false; also gradual volume changes

question

The volume of this excerpt is an example of which of the following

answer

piano

question

volume of this excerpt is loud

answer

false

question

Which of the following two excerpts uses soft dynamics?

answer

excerpt B; beethovens moonlight sonata

question

volume and dynamic are interchangeable terms

answer

true

question

Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamic

answer

well into 17th C

question

composers starterd writing dynamic markings in scores bc

answer

new instruments allowed for more dynamic ranges and contrast

question

instrument played in this excerpt

answer

chordophone; guitar

question

instrument played with flute

answer

aerophone

question

instrument played : synthesizer

answer

electrphone

question

According to the classification of instruments by sound source, the one in this example is a/an:

answer

cello: chordophone

question

The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:

answer

electrophone

question

snare drum

answer

membranophone

question

traditional drum set. According to instrument classification by sound source, which of the following groups are represented here?

answer

idiophones and membranophones

question

Timbre is often referred to as _________ color.

answer

tone

question

Listen to this excerpt from Midsummer Night's Dream. Which instrument classification is represented?

answer

aerophone

question

instrument playing: tapping of chutes

answer

idiophone

question

range most prominent from Listen to these two excerpts from Carmina Burana

answer

excerpt B soprano

question

super deep male

answer

bass

question

super high female

answer

soprano

question

The song Dark Eyes is sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment. This type of vocal group is called:

answer

A cappella choir

question

soprano register lies between alto and tenor ranges

answer

false;soprano is highest female range

question

High male voice

answer

tenor

question

The aria Lucevan le Stelle is from the opera Gianni Schicci by Giacomo Puccini

answer

false; from opera tosca

question

The English madrigal is characterized by:

answer

intensity and intimacy of choral writing

question

The aria Lucevan le Stelle is composed for a/an:

answer

tenor

question

The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.

answer

false

question

triumph music

answer

by brass

question

sole function of conductor is beat time

answer

false

question

viola players sit

answer

dead center front

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.

answer

string family

question

Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that the conductor of a symphony orchestra makes?

answer

whether to use modern or old fashioned baton

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.

answer

french horns

question

What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?

answer

make sure when approporiate, players improvise parts correctly

question

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicans are permited to improvise their parts

answer

false

question

A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.

answer

true

question

What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra?

answer

violin concerto

question

The text states that guitars are strummed or __________.

answer

plucked

question

Which of the following is NOT a way to produce sound in string instruments?

answer

blowing

question

The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.

answer

true

question

which instrument carries melody

answer

violin

question

____ is an instrumental technique that, in the case of string players, consists of a quick back and forth movement or rocking of the finger that is in contact with the string, with the intent of producing a fluctuation in pitch.

answer

vibrato

question

The main orchestral string instruments are:

answer

Violin, viola, cello, and double bass

question

The sound of string instruments is produced by a _______ stretched between two points.

answer

string

question

How does a violinist control dynamics?

answer

By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings

question

Listen to this excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.

answer

harp

question

Which string instrument is featured in this excerpt from Paganini's 24 Caprices?

answer

violin

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instruments represents the Peter?

answer

strings

question

The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is la bouche.

answer

false; embouchure

question

The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines __________.

answer

volume

question

The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:

answer

flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon

question

Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen.

answer

flute

question

Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf?

answer

bassoon

question

Identify the single reed instrument:

answer

clarinet

question

Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:

answer

oboe, bassoon

question

Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?

answer

clarinet

question

Which woodwind instrument is the soloist playing in this example?

answer

flute

question

Listen to this excerpt by the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev.

answer

bassoon

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "duck"?

answer

oboe

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "grandfather"?

answer

bassoon

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "cat"?

answer

clarinet

question

In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.

answer

TRUE

question

Which instrument, along with the orchestra, plays this example?

answer

oboe

question

This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.

answer

horn

question

The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:

answer

trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba

question

Which instrument of the brass family plays the melody in this example?

answer

trumpet

question

Which brass instrument plays the melody in this example?

answer

trombone

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Symphony No. 6. There is a dialogue between a high-sounding part and a low one.

answer

tuba

question

Which of the following is a member of the brass family?

answer

brass trombone

question

The name trombone is derived from the Italian term for trumpet.

answer

true

question

Listen to this excerpt from Aaron Copland's Fanfare for the Common Man.

answer

trumpet

question

Which of the following factors contribute to brass instruments having a "brassy" timbre?

answer

all the above

question

In brass instruments, pitch depends on the ______of the air column.

answer

length

question

This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.

answer

trumpet

question

Castanets are non-pitched instruments.

answer

true; idiophones under concussion group

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:

answer

cymbals

question

Scholars have been able to determine the origin of the xylophone with absolute certainty.

answer

false

question

Percussion instruments where two similar objects are clapped together to produce a sound can be further classified under the ____ group.

answer

concussion/idiophone

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?

answer

timpani; can be tuned

question

Kettledrum is another name for timpani.

answer

true

question

Listen to this excerpt from Also sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss.

answer

timpani/kettle drums

question

The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.

answer

false

question

Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.

answer

true

question

The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

false; soloist plus orchestra

question

The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.

answer

recital

question

Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

answer

false

question

The term controller refers to:

answer

The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument

question

The first known instance of a harpsichord dates from:

answer

1397

question

When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.

answer

quill;pluck

question

Upon its invention, the fortepiano eclipsed the popularity of the harpsichord:

answer

for next 200 years

question

All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.

answer

false; not all built same

question

The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.

answer

false; in 16th, 17th, and 18th CIt was used in chamber and orchestral music, and also in opera.

question

There are___keys in a full size piano keyboard.

answer

88

question

When performing, pianists are in direct contact with the source of the sound.

answer

false

question

The upright piano was first developed in:

answer

Philly, US

question

The one-piece cast-iron frame, a crucial development in the history of the piano, was invented by:

answer

Alpheus Babcock of Boston, USA in 1825

question

The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:

answer

moves hammer closer to strings

question

In the organ, volume is determined by:

answer

wind pressure

question

The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.

answer

keyboard, pipes

question

The function of the organ's stops is to:

answer

control flow of air to pipes

question

The first organ used water to control wind pressure.

answer

true; hydraulos

question

In the organ, pipe length determines:

answer

pitch

question

function of amplifier

answer

amplifies loudness

question

The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.

answer

true

question

Identify the false statement:

answer

Synthesizers have always had a well-established presence in standard ensembles.

question

The sound source of a the synthesizer is an oscillator.

answer

true

question

Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.

answer

false

question

A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years

answer

False

question

Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.

answer

False

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

false

question

Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.

answer

True

question

According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.0:00-3:20

answer

false

question

A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years

answer

False

question

The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:

answer

Notated in music scores as a means of transmission from composer to performer

question

Listen to the piano playing in this excerpt.0:18-0:26What are the short segments played by the piano alone?

answer

riffs

question

-Play-The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:

answer

Not notated (at least, not in the traditional sense), and includes many improvised sections and solos

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

True

question

Art music is superior to folk or popular music.

answer

false

question

Riffs refers to:

answer

Short melodic and rhythmic patterns

question

Listen to the piano playing in this excerpt.What are the short segments played by the piano alone?

answer

Riffs

question

Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.

answer

true

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

True

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?A. PlayB. PlayC. Play

answer

Excerpt A

question

Riffs refers to:

answer

Short melodic and rhythmic patterns

question

Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.

answer

false

question

Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

answer

True

question

Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been written by an individual.

answer

true

question

According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music

answer

False

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?

answer

Excerpt B

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?A) 0:00-2:49B) 0:00-3:46C)0:00-6:10

answer

Excerpt B

question

-Play-The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:

answer

Notated in music scores as a means of transmission from composer to performer

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?

answer

Excerpt A

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

true

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

False

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

False

question

Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

answer

true

question

Art music is superior to folk or popular music.

answer

False

question

A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

true

question

What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?

answer

absolute

question

Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?

answer

The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"

question

The Concerts spirituels were founded by musicians of the Paris opera to lend legitimacy to the playing of instrumental music during religious festivals.

answer

true

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music

answer

false

question

A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

false

question

Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.

answer

false

question

Which movement from Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique includes a ranz des vaches:

answer

"Scenes from the Field"

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

false

question

This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?

answer

enjoy the music as background

question

The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.

answer

True

question

Referential listeners are the most common type of listeners.

answer

False

question

Which of the following is true of the casual listener?

answer

Describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat."

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

False

question

What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?

answer

Absolute

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

False

question

The perceptive listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.

answer

True

question

Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?

answer

Excerpt B

question

Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.

answer

True

question

A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

False

question

Critical Listener

answer

primary motivation is to identify what is wrong with a performance. For very scrupulous critical listeners, every detail of the performance must be perfect, including the accuracy of the notes. Such listeners may even demand perfection in live music, with anything short of perfection considered a poor performance.

question

Tempo

answer

The speed of the rhythm of a composition. Tempo is measured according to beats per minute. A very fast tempo, prestissimo, has between 200 and 208 beats per minute, presto has 168 to 200 beats per minute, allegro has between 120 and 168 beats per minute, moderato has 108 to 120 beats per minute, andante has 76 to 108, adagio has 66 to 76, larghetto has 60 to 66, and largo, the slowest tempo, has 40 to 60.

question

Perceptive Listener

answer

combines the characteristics of the previous three types of listeners but is not limited by them. The perceptive listener:

question

Perceptive listener like the casual

answer

Enjoys sound for sound's sake, but asks:What is it in the music that makes me feel this way?Is it the way the performer is interpreting the music?Is it because of the volume or speed at which it is played?Is it because it is sung, played by instruments, or because it has a good balance of unity and variety?Is it a combination of all these elements?If so, which combination is at work?

question

Perceptive Listener like the Referential

answer

Like the referential listener, may have associations with the music being heard, but also tries to remember:When and where the music was heard most recently.What other works from that composer or performer she knows.

question

Perceptive Listener like the Critical

answer

is aware of the quality of a performance but goes beyond the technical aspects to seek understanding and appreciation of the human and cultural values embodied in the music.

question

Perceptive Listener Contd'

answer

Attends concerts regularly and listens with concentration.Uses appropriate musical vocabulary, not lay terms like "mellow" or "upbeat," to describe music.Tries to develop an awareness of different musical styles and realizes that there are significant and valid differences among these styles. The perceptive listener is open to all kinds of music.Realizes that music is created for many different purposes and by many different kinds of people.Really tries to understand the music and what makes it interesting before passing judgment on it.Would never decide that she does not like a certain kind of music without having listened to it.Tries to learn something about the music before listening to a live or recorded performance of it.Is aware of the fact that a piece of music, regardless of style, might take some time to reveal its structure, meaning and beauty, and is therefore prepared to reserve judgment until she has heard it many times.

question

Antonio Vilvaldi's Concerto in F minor (Winter)

answer

It is one of four compositions that, as a group, form a work called The Four Seasons. A fine example of program music, each of the four compositions depicts one of the four seasons of the year. Vivaldi also wrote poems to accompany each movement and linked lines of the poems to corresponding sections of the music.

question

Program Music

answer

Compositions with extra-musical content that directs the attention of the listener to a literary or pictoral association. Program music was especially popular in the 19th century.

question

The character of the minuet is best described as

answer

Stately and dignified

question

A common rondo pattern is

answer

ABACABA

question

A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called a

answer

cadenza

question

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

answer

fast, slow, dance-related, fast.

question

In many of Beethoven's works there is a ______ movement instead of the minuet.

answer

scherzo

question

The classical concerto is a large-scale work in three movements for

answer

solo instrument and orchestra

question

the standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by

answer

Ludwig von Köchel

question

Chamber music is characterized by

answer

having one performer per part

question

A string quartet is a musical composition for

answer

2 violins, viola, cello

question

Classicism, as a stylistic period in music, figured prominently during the years

answer

1750-1820

question

Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as

answer

AA'A''A'''A''''.

question

The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of

answer

strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani

question

The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony.

answer

third

question

A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for

answer

piano

question

One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the

answer

early Baroque

question

The early baroque was characterized by

answer

homophonic texture

question

The middle baroque was characterized by

answer

A diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe.

question

A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the

answer

clavichord

question

Affections in baroque usage refers to

answer

Emotional states or moods of music

question

The intellectual movement called humanism

answer

focused on human life and its accomplishments

question

Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass? Credo, Kyrie, Ave Maria, Gloria.

answer

Ave Maria

question

The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the mass and the

answer

motet

question

The Renaissance madrigal is a

answer

Piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love.

question

Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called

answer

dynamics

question

The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called

answer

pitch

question

The bow that string players usually use to produce sound on their instruments is a slightly curved stick strung tightly with

answer

horsehair

question

If a string player uses vibrato — rocking of the left hand to produce small pitch fluctuations — it is because

answer

using vibrato makes the tone warmer and more expressive

question

Symphonic bands differ from symphonic orchestras in that they

answer

do not contain a string section

question

A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a

answer

cadence

question

A short, detached style of playing a melody is known as

answer

staccato

question

A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time is called

answer

a chord

question

Harmony refers to

answer

the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other

question

A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a

answer

dissonance

question

A combination of tones that is considered stable and restful is called a

answer

consonance

question

Another term for key is

answer

tonality

question

The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the

answer

tonic

question

when a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is called

answer

imitation.

question

When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is

answer

homophonic

question

The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is

answer

monophonic

question

The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called

answer

counterpoint

question

When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is

answer

polyphonic

question

Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called

answer

variation

question

The organization of musical ideas in time is called

answer

form

question

The form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counter statement would be called

answer

binary

question

Music can be defined as...

answer

...an art based on the organization of sounds in time.

question

The four main properties of musical sound are pitch, dynamic, tone color, and...

answer

...duration.

question

The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called...

answer

...pitch.

question

A sound that has a definite pitch is called a...

answer

...tone.

question

The distance in pitch between any two tones is called an...

answer

...interval.

question

When tones are separated by the interval called an _______, they sound very much alike.

answer

octave

question

The distance between the lowest and highest tones an instrument can produce is called its...

answer

...pitch range.

question

Dynamics in music refers to...

answer

...degrees of loudness and softness.

question

A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a...

answer

...diminuendo.

question

Timbre is synonymous with...

answer

...tone color.

question

Which of the following is not a normal classification of male vocal ranges?

answer

Contralto (correct answer)BaritoneTenorBass

question

A symphonic band consists of mainly...

answer

...brass, woodwind, and percussion.

question

Plucking the string with a finger instead of using a bow is called....

answer

...pizzicato.

question

Woodwind instruments are so named because...

answer

...they were originally made of wood.

question

The ______ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch.

answer

timpani

question

The ______ has strings that a plucked by a set of plastic, quill, or leather wedges.

answer

harpsichord

question

Rapidly repeating tones by quick up and down strokes of the bow is known as...

answer

...tremolo.

question

regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time

answer

beat

question

organization of beats into regular groups is called

answer

meter

question

the first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the

answer

downbeat

question

this term refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music

answer

tempo

question

in musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five lines called a

answer

staff

question

the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch

answer

sequence

question

musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other

answer

harmony

question

a series of chords is called a

answer

progression

question

the simplest most basic chord in western music is the

answer

triad

question

chromatic is used in music to refer to the

answer

twelve tones of an octave

question

when two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is

answer

polyphonic

question

a round is an example of

answer

strict imitation

question

homophonic texture consists of

answer

one main melody accompanied by chords

question

some feature of a music idea are changed, but others are retained, the technique is referred to as

answer

variation

question

ordered flow of music through time

answer

rhythm

question

in musical notation, silence is indicated by

answer

rests

question

combination of tones that are unusable and tense

answer

dissonance

question

central tone around which a musical composition is organized

answer

tonic

question

texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is

answer

monophonic

question

middle ages in european history

answer

450-1450

question

who held virtual monopoly on learning in middle ages

answer

monks in monasteries

question

most medieval music was

answer

vocal

question

the music medieval monks made was

answer

gregorian chant

question

texture of gregorian chant

answer

monophonic

question

earliest chant manuscripts from what century

answer

ninth

question

earliest extant liturgical morality play, Ordo virtutum (Play of the Virtues), was composed by

answer

Hildegard of Bingen

question

The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by

answer

french nobles called troubadors

question

first steps toward the development of polyphony were taken sometime between 700 and 900, when

answer

monks began to add a second line to gregorian chant

question

gregorian chant with one additional melodic line

answer

organum

question

center of polyphonic music in europe after 1150 was

answer

paris

question

earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm

answer

Loenin and Perotin

question

"ars nova" refers to

answer

italian and french music of the fourteenth century

question

Renaissance in music occured between

answer

1450-1600

question

texture of renaissance music is chiefly

answer

polyphonic

question

two main forms of sacred renaissance music are

answer

mass and motet

question

the renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in

answer

Italy

question

Weelkes's "As Vesta Was Descending" is notable for its

answer

word painting

question

nuns and monks sang at what two types of services

answer

office and mass

question

a capella refers to

answer

unaccompanied choral music

question

baroque style flourished in music during this period

answer

1600-1750

question

early baroque period was characterized by

answer

homophonic texture

question

Montoverdi created music that was

answer

passionate and dramatic

question

instrumental music became as important as vocal music a this time

answer

middle baroque

question

a baroque musical composition usually expresses ________ within the same movement

answer

constantly changing moods

question

sudden alterations between loud and soft

answer

terraced dynamics

question

main keyboard instuments of the baroque era were

answer

piano and harpsichord

question

most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of

answer

basso continuo

question

a movement in music usually refers to

answer

piece that can be independent but is part of a larger composition

question

three movements of concerto grosso

answer

fast, slow, fast

question

first and last movements of concerto grosso are in what form

answer

ritornello

question

main theme of a fugue is called the

answer

subject

question

a play set to music with orchestral accompaniment with costumes and actors

answer

operas

question

the text or book of a musical dramatic work

answer

libretto

question

vocal line that imitates fluctuations of speech

answer

recitative

question

camerata wanted the vocal line of their music to follow

answer

rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech

question

first european opera house to offer admission to anyone paying the price opened in

answer

venice, italy

question

castrati

answer

lung power of man, range of woman, highly paid, castrated (all answers correct)

question

statement is not true about monteverdi

answer

all twelve of his operas are performed regularly in europe and america

question

Dido and Aeneas was composed by

answer

Henry Purcell

question

vivaldi spend most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in

answer

venice

question

vivaldi was famous as a virtuoso on what instrument

answer

violin

question

vivaldi wrote appox how many concerto grosso and solo concertos

answer

450

question

Bach was most eminent of his day with what instrument

answer

organ

question

Bach created masterpieces in every from except

answer

opera

question

sets of dance inspired instrumental movements

answer

suites

question

baroque suites typically begin with

answer

french overture

question

congregational singing of chorales was an important way for people to

answer

participate in the service

question

bach's cantatas closely resembled what of that time

answer

operas

question

sonata intended to be played in a church

answer

sonata de chiesa

question

Corelli's Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is scored for

answer

two violins and basso continuo

question

a vivaldi concerto typically has

answer

three

question

vivaldi wrote concertos for a great variety of instruments (T/F)

answer

true

question

A two-part collection of preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach's

answer

well-tempered clavier

question

which of the following is not a part of baroque suite

answer

waltz

question

two sections of a french overture

answer

slow-fast

question

A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the

answer

cantata

question

how many performers in baroque trio sonata

answer

four

question

dates for classicism in western art music

answer

1750-1820

question

which is not a sonata form movement

answer

rondo

question

concluding section of sonata form movement

answer

coda

question

theme and variations form may be outlined as

answer

AA'A''A'''A''''.

question

minuet and trio movement of classical symphony is in what form

answer

ABA

question

minuet is generally what number movement of a classical symphony

answer

third

question

beethoven replaces what kind of movement for the minuet in many of his works

answer

scherzo

question

rondo may be schematically outlined as

answer

ABACABA

question

return of the main theme in rondo form is welcome because it is in what key

answer

tonic

question

rondo most often serves as the

answer

finale

question

first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast and in what form

answer

sonata

question

usual order of movements in classical symphony is

answer

fast, slow, dance-related, fast

question

a concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for

answer

an instrumental soloist and orchestra

question

mozart and beethoven wrote concertos for their favorite instrument, the

answer

piano

question

sequence of movements in classical concerto is

answer

fast, slow, fast

question

first movement of a classical concerto has

answer

two expositions

question

classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it doesn't have these movements

answer

minuet or scherzo

question

In the classical period, comic operas sometimes

answer

ridiculed the aristocracy

question

In the exposition of a sonata form movement...

answer

the second theme is in a new key

question

each successive variation in a theme with variations

answer

retains some elements of the theme

question

pieces of an oratorio are usually connected by means of

answer

a narrators recitatives

question

handel's messiah is an example of

answer

an oratorio

question

Handel spent a major portion of his time in

answer

England

question

the core of Handel's output was english oratorios and italian...

answer

operas

question

oratorio differs from opera in that is has no

answer

acting, costumes or scenery

question

Oratorios first appeared in

answer

Italy

question

2 violins, viola, cello, four movements, most important form in chamber music

answer

string quartet

question

Haydn's two popular oratorios: the seasons and

answer

the creation

question

Mozart's symphony no. 40 in Gmin is

answer

one of his last three symphonies

question

major factor that distinguishes chamber music from symphony

answer

one player per part

question

in addition to 68 string quartets, how many symphonies did Haydn write?

answer

104

question

where were the 12 symphonies for JP Saloman first performed? (Named the _______ symphonies)

answer

London

question

family that helped make Haydn famous

answer

Esterhazy

question

mozart's finest german opera

answer

the magic flute

question

piano trio is written for what 3 instruments?

answer

violin, cello, piano

question

after he went deaf, his compositions included piano sonatas, string quartets, and the 9th symphony. these are some of beethoven's...

answer

late works

question

beethoven had 16 of these, and they were considered some of the greatest ever recorded

answer

string quartets

question

piano sonata is for...

answer

piano only

question

Beethoven's third symphony commemorated

answer

Napoleon

question

beethoven had a habbit of carrying a

answer

musical sketchbook

question

beethoven's only opera is entitled

answer

Fidelio

question

Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.

answer

True

question

Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.

answer

True

question

Musical connotation is reinforced by the use of certain instruments.

answer

True

question

Music only affects our feelings and thoughts.

answer

False

question

Which of the following statements is Not true?

answer

Music cannot be used for utilitarian purposes.

question

Musical associations remained fixed in time.

answer

False

question

Igor Stravinsky did not believe expression to be the primary purpose of music.

answer

True

question

Whose mythology was filled with references to the healing power of music? ( Greek? Ancient Egyptian? Chinese?)

answer

All of the Above

question

Which instrument is not an the name of a type of African talking drum:

answer

Yoruba

question

Musical connotation happens when music is associated with extra-musical events or experiences.

answer

True

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question

True/False: Bach's concertos do not show any appeal of instrumental variety.

answer

False

question

True/False: The Four Seasons are the most famous early examples of program music.

answer

True

question

True/False: The harpsichord is not as touch-sensitive an instrument as the piano.

answer

True

question

True/False: The sonata was a multimovement work.

answer

True

question

A Baroque suite typically included the following movements:a. allemandeb. giguec. couranted. sarabandee. all of the above

answer

e

question

A sarabande is...a. a band of sara playersb. a slow stately dance of Spanish originc. a musical instrument similar to the cellod. a group of Baroque instrumentalistse. a prelude for worship

answer

b

question

A suite is...a. two musical works joined by a short bridge, similar to the way a suite of rooms are joinedb. music that is light and cheerfulc. a collection of dances linked by key and sometimes melodic materiald. a set of songs that tell a storye. a collection of string instruments that play in a chamber suite of a castle

answer

c

question

A trio sonata typically requireda. three performersb. six performers, which doubled each partc. four performers with two on melody and two on continuod. a full string ensemblee. the use of a piano

answer

c

question

In an ensemble, one often hears...a. the rhythm of the harpsichord more clearly than the pitchesb. the harpsichord ringing loudly over all other instrumentsc. the melody of the harpsichord, but cannot detect the rhythmd. no harpsichord at all because it is very softe. the harpsichord only when it plays in the very low register

answer

a

question

In Bach's third Brandenburg Concertoa. the entire movement grows out of the opening ritornellob. the opening ritornello begins with short, clearly articulated phrasesc. there is no ritornellod. the ritornello appears at the end of the movement and not at the beginninge. the score is written in gray ink

answer

a

question

The Baroque texture contains all of the following excepta. a steady basso continuob. an obbligato on every refrainc. one or more melodic parts at the topd. keyboard chords filling in the spacee. common practice harmony unifying the parts

answer

b

question

The concerto added a new expressive dimension to Baroque music because ita. added vocalsb. used chordal harmonyc. enabled composers to add varietyd. eliminates the old use of a ritornelloe. does not sustain a single affect throughout a movement

answer

c

question

The core instruments of Baroque music area. recorder, drums and harpb. harpsichord and stringsc. piano and stringsd. sackbute. trumpets, cymbals and bells

answer

b

question

The harpsichordist generally usesa. a fully notated musical scoreb. figured bassc. the Nashville number systemd. total improvisatione. the same part as the violin

answer

b

question

The one musical genre in which Bach did not compose wasa. organ fuguesb. cantatasc. orchestral worksd. dance suitese. opera

answer

e

question

The style of the sonata is derived most directly from thea. basso continuob. canzonac. cantatad. opera overturee. music of Hildegard

answer

b

question

Which of the following is not true of Bach's time of composition?a. Composers were highly regarded as the top of the social class and were given complete freedom to compose their own music and style.b. There was little financial incentive to compose.c. All works were guaranteed a large public performance in a major venue.d. The contrapuntal style grew increasingly more popular.e. There was a great financial gain offered for the completion of The Art of the Fugue.

answer

e

question

True/False: A church sonata was a two movement work that was used in worship, but never during mass.

answer

False

question

True/False: A concert conducted by Felix Mendelssohn, long after Bach's death, brought Bach's music to the attention of scholars and audiences and led to him being recognized as a great composer.

answer

True

question

True/False: Arcangelo Corelli could have been considered a legend in his own time.

answer

True

question

True/False: Bach was more inventive in instrumentation than any of his contemporary composers.

answer

True

question

True/False: The dominant orchestral genre of the late Baroque, featuring the contrast between large and small or an orchestra made up of strings with one or more spotlighted instruments, is called a concerto.

answer

True (teacher said false)

question

True/False: Luther's "Ein' Feste Burg" is a symphony.

answer

False

question

True/False: The industrial reform movement swept sixteenth-century northern Europe.

answer

False

question

Handel had remarkable improvisational skills at the organ.

answer

True

question

The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

FalseThe term concerto refers to a soloist accompanied by an orchestra.

question

What instrument plays the following excerpt?-play 0:00-0:21-

answer

Harpsichord

question

Although Chopin admired Italian bel canto, he didn't think of the piano as a singing instrument.

answer

FalseChopin was able to reinvent the piano as a singing instrument, much along the lines of the Italian bel canto (beautiful singing) which he so greatly admired.

question

Handel's Eight Suites for Keyboard remained largely unknown in the 18th century, except among his friends.

answer

FalseAlthough many of his keyboard works circulated in manuscript form among his friends, his Eight Suites for Keyboard (1720)—which he himself painstakingly prepared—remain one of the best-known published collection of harpsichord pieces of the 18th century.

question

What instrument plays this example?

answer

Organ

question

Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

answer

FalseConstruction and sound production are not the same among keyboard instruments.

question

Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.

answer

True

question

The following excerpt is a clear example of:-play 1:50-2:01-

answer

Word painting

question

The following 11-second excerpt represents word painting in:-play 0:00-0:11-

answer

A suite by Jean-Phillippe Rameau.This excerpt comes from Rameau's Suite in G Major - minor where it's hard to miss the image of a chicken clucking and pecking away in the repeated notes and fast runs you just heard.

question

The term controller refers to:

answer

The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument

question

Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

answer

False

question

The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.

answer

False

question

What instrument plays this example? (1:09)

answer

Organ

question

What instrument plays this example? (2:06)

answer

Piano

question

Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.

answer

True

question

The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.

answer

Recital

question

The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

False

question

What instrument plays this example? (1:43)

answer

Harpsichord?

question

What instrument plays this example? (5:37)

answer

Synthesizer

question

A music ensemble is:

answer

A group of musicians that perform as a unit

question

Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.

answer

false

question

Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre.

answer

True

question

The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.

answer

True

question

When applied to music, the term "dynamics" refers to changes in:

answer

Volume

question

According to the Listening Guide for the "Hallelujah Chorus", both polyphonic and homophonic textures are featured.

answer

True

question

Musicians can often hear the notes in a piece of music without actually playing them.

answer

True

question

The performer's messages, emotions, images, memories, and/or thoughts are contained in the music score.

answer

False

question

The degree to which the listener feels moved by or connected to the music is determined by the performer's technical skill.

answer

False

question

A music score contains:

answer

The written notation of a music composition. Correct

question

Deep River is a great example of a jazz piece.

answer

False

question

All world music traditions make a distinction between composer and performer.

answer

False

question

An ensemble can be comprised of as few as 2 or as many as 100 musicians or more.

answer

True

question

According to the text, A-B-A form can be thought of as:

answer

A musical sandwich Correct

question

The concept of form is associated with the following elements:

answer

All of these options Correct

question

In the Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin, the chords played by the right hand represent the accompaniment.

answer

False

question

Form is a way of defining the organization of a piece of music.

answer

True

question

According to the text, the form of a piece of music does not contribute to its emotional message.

answer

False

question

The term étude refers to pieces that are used to teach a particular technical skill to performers.

answer

True

question

Ternary form is one of the most common forms for all styles of music.

answer

True

question

Structure is not a crucial aspect of music.

answer

False Correct

question

Musical associations remained fixed in time.

answer

False

question

Which instrument is not the name of a type of African talking drum:

answer

atele?

question

Music's main power is its ability to symbolize an era of society or culture.

answer

False

question

Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.

answer

True

question

Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.

answer

True

question

Which of the following statements is not true:

answer

Music cannot be used for utilitarian purposes. Correct

question

Musical connotation is reinforced by the use of certain instruments.

answer

True

question

In many commercial establishments, music is used to manipulate a consumer's mood.

answer

True

question

Evidence of the healing power of music has only been collected recently.

answer

False

question

Select the culture whose mythology is filled with references to the healing power of music:

answer

All of these answers Correct

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

False

question

Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?

answer

The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat" Correct

question

Which of the following is true of the casual listener?

answer

Describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat." Correct

question

A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

False

question

A listener's classification can change from casual to referential, but not from critical to perceptive.

answer

False

question

A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

True

question

Which movement from Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique includes a ranz des vaches:

answer

"Scenes from the Field" Correct

question

Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.

answer

False

question

Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.

answer

True

question

The Concerts spirituels were founded by musicians of the Paris opera to lend legitimacy to the playing of instrumental music during religious festivals.

answer

True

question

What are the short segments played by the piano alone?

answer

Riffs

question

According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music

answer

False

question

According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.

answer

False

question

Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

answer

True

question

Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been written by an individual.

answer

True

question

It is common to think of art music as superior to other kinds of music.

answer

True

question

Riffs refers to:

answer

Short melodic and rhythmic patterns Correct

question

According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not musically exclusive genres.

answer

True

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates pitch.

answer

False

question

Rhythm is created by the combination of duration and _________.

answer

Tempo

question

A rest symbol indicates:

answer

A rest symbol indicates:

question

Music notation can be thought of as a:

answer

Form of communication among musicians. Correct

question

The value of the ___ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.

answer

whole

question

In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical:

answer

notation

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.

answer

False

question

Which of the two following statements is true?

answer

Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

question

According to the text, because composers provide notation, musicians do not need to be concerned with fitting sounds together in time.

answer

False

question

In the Western music tradition, understanding regarding the duration of sounds has been transmitted via oral means.

answer

False

question

Which of the following determines the precise pitch of a sound?

answer

vibrations

question

Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?

answer

One cycle per second Correct

question

The pitch of a sound is a person's absolute perception of how high or low that sound is.

answer

False

question

On a piano keyboard, playing successive keys to the right produces:

answer

Slightly higher pitches Correct

question

Our ears can perceive the entire range of possible sounds.

answer

False

question

The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:

answer

16 and 20,000 Hertz Correct

question

A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.

answer

False

question

he black key to the right of G is called G

answer

sharp

question

The letter name for white keys on the keyboard is fixed regardless of the musical context of a given composition.

answer

False

question

The name of the white key to the immediate left of the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:

answer

C

question

The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B

answer

flat

question

The pitch letter names correspond to:

answer

The white keys on a piano keyboard Correct

question

According to the text, there are always ____ keys from a letter name to its next occurrence up or down the keyboard.

answer

eight

question

The "sandwich" key on the piano keyboard is always D.

answer

True Correct

question

If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:

answer

Twice as fast Correct

question

If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the left (down) will vibrate:

answer

Twice as slow Correct

question

We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G.

answer

True

question

A music notation system is a collection of _______ that people use to represent and interpret sounds.

answer

Symbols

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration.

answer

True

question

A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.

answer

False

question

Noteheads are placed on either lines or spaces on the staff to represent different pitches.

answer

True

question

The following are examples of notation systems:

answer

All of these options Correct

question

Successive lines and spaces from top to bottom of the staff represent successively lower pitches.

answer

True

question

The system of parallel lines and spaces used to write music is called notation.

answer

True

question

In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:

answer

The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff Correct

question

The staff is a system of:

answer

Five lines and four spaces Correct

question

Noteheads always need to be centered on the line or space they inhabit.

answer

True

question

The two tones of an octave vibrate at the same frequency rate.

answer

False

question

When calculating intervals, both the start and end notes should be included in the count.

answer

True

question

The distance between two pitches is called a/an

answer

interval

question

The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:

answer

Fifth

question

A fifth above E is

answer

B Correct

question

The descending interval between A and F is a:

answer

Third

question

A(n)________ is the interval from any note to its nearest neighbor.

answer

Second

question

Which of the following is a true statement?

answer

Octave is the name of a particular interval size Correct

question

A fourth below D is A.

answer

true

question

An interval can be thought of as the distance between two letter names.

answer

true

question

Musicians have always made their own choices regarding volume to fine tune their playing to specific performance spaces.

answer

False

question

Volume and dynamics are interchangeable terms.

answer

True

question

A pianist's skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer's

answer

touch

question

Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:

answer

His work in music education Correct

question

Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamics:

answer

Well into the 17th century Correct

question

Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas.

answer

False

question

To keep things straight, musical instruments can only belong to one instrument classification.

answer

False

question

Which of the following expressions is often used in reference to timbre?

answer

tone color Correct

question

The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:

answer

Electrophone

question

What instrument category does the horn belong to?

answer

Aerophone

question

If someone said that instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?

answer

False

question

The term________ refers to the part of a singer's vocal range that is used most in a song.

answer

Tessitura

question

Some famous female roles in the history of opera have only been possible because 19th-century composers started giving important roles to:

answer

Mezzo-sopranos Correct

question

The baritone range lies between the bass and the tenor.

answer

True

question

Which of the following operas is based on a story set in British India, where a British officer falls in love with the daughter of a Brahmin priest, with tragic consequences for her?

answer

Lakmé

question

The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.

answer

False

question

Where do the viola players sit?

answer

In area No. 2

question

A fugue is a traditional form of composition in which all the parts enter at the same time using the same theme.

answer

False

question

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.

answer

False

question

In The Young Person's Guide, the theme is played more than eight times in order to give each instrument family a chance to play.

answer

False

question

The Young Person's Guide ends with a fugue, which is:

answer

A traditional form of composition in which one part enters after another using the same theme. Correct

question

According to the text, keyboards make up the fifth family of instruments and occasionally appear with the orchestra.

answer

True

question

All string instruments are traditionally played using all of the available performance techniques such as plucking, strumming, bowing, and rubbing.

answer

False

question

The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.

answer

True

question

How does a violinist control dynamics?

answer

By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings Correct

question

According to the text, guitars can be strummed and also:

answer

Plucked

question

The way that a wind instrument player places the lips, teeth, and tongue on the instrument's mouthpiece is NOT significant to the sound of the instrument.

answer

False

question

Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:

answer

Oboe, Bassoon Correct

question

The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines:

answer

volume

question

Woodwind instruments can be classified as:

answer

Aerophones

question

The trumpet and the French horn use valves to change pitch.

answer

True

question

The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:

answer

Trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba Correct

question

The modern tuba was invented by a bandmaster in Rome.

answer

False

question

According to the text, the modern horn is a straight tube measuring anywhere between 9 and 12 feet that ends in a widely flared bell.

answer

False Correct

question

Which of the following is not a member of the brass family?

answer

English horn Correct

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:

answer

Cymbals

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?

answer

Timpani

question

Timpani are capable of producing an actual pitch.

answer

True

question

Kettledrum is another name for timpani.

answer

True

question

The orchestra snare drum is played attached by a sling to the player's side.

answer

False

question

Castanets are traditionally played by shaking them.

answer

False

question

Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

answer

False

question

Chopin continued to play organ concertos even after he lost his sight.

answer

False

question

The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

False

question

Unfortunately, Chopin died before he could take advantage of advances in piano construction developed by Pleyel and Company.

answer

False

question

Handel had remarkable improvisational skills at the organ.

answer

True

question

The term controller refers to:

answer

The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument Correct

question

The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.

answer

False

question

Harpsichord was used in the following ways:

answer

As a solo instrument, as an accompanying instrument, and in opera. Correct

question

On the harpsichord, tones are produced by strings stretched over the

answer

sound board

question

All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.

answer

False

question

When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.

answer

quill; pluck Correct

question

The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:

answer

Moves the hammers closer to the strings Correct

question

The piano was developed from the harpsichord.

answer

True

question

The upright piano was first developed in:

answer

Philadelphia, USA

question

There are only 88 keys on a piano, but there are over 200 strings.

answer

True

question

The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.

answer

Keyboard, Pipes

question

The first organ used water to control wind pressure.

answer

True

question

The three types of organ pipes are reed pipes, flue pipes, and rank pipes.

answer

False

question

Ctesibius is credited with having invented the first organ in 1853.

answer

False

question

In the organ, volume is determined by:

answer

Wind pressure Correct

question

Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.

answer

False

question

What is the function of the amplifier?

answer

It amplifies loudness

question

The three types of synthesizers are:

answer

Analog synthesizers, digital synthesizers, samplers Correct

question

The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.

answer

True

question

The Mimimoog Model D, one of the most popular synthesizers in history, was launched in what year:

answer

1970

question

In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.

answer

True

question

Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf? (00:15)

answer

Bassoon

question

The name of this instrument is:

answer

Oboe

question

Listen to this excerpt by the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev (00:47)

answer

Bassoon

question

Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt? (00:12)

answer

Clarinet

question

Which woodwind instrument is the soloist playing in this example?

answer

Flute

question

The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:

answer

Flute, clarinet, oboe and bassoon

question

Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen.

answer

Flute

question

In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.

answer

True

question

In Prokofiev's: ""Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "Duck"?

answer

oboe

question

Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?

answer

Clarinet

question

The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is le bouche.

answer

False

question

The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines ___________.

answer

Volume

question

Identify the single reed instrument:

answer

Clarinet

question

In prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf, which instrument represents the Peter?

answer

Strings

question

Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:

answer

Oboe, Bassoon

question

A fugue is a traditional form of composition in which all the parts enter at the same time using the same theme.

answer

False; a Fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase (the subject) is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts.

question

Traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.

answer

False

question

What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?

answer

Makes sure that, when appropriate, players improvise their parts correctly

question

A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.

answer

True

question

The sole function of the conductor is to beat time

answer

False

question

In The Young Person's Guide, the theme is played more than eight times in order to give each instrument family a chance to play

answer

False

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.This 16-second example represents:

answer

An excerpt played by the woodwinds.

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this short excerpt:

answer

The trumpets play a variation

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.This short excerpt represents

answer

The grand conclusion of the piece

question

Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that a conductor makes?

answer

Whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton

question

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts.

answer

False

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt:

answer

NOT The full orchestra plays throughout.

question

The Young Person's Guide ends with a fugue, which is:

answer

NOT None of these options

question

The sole function of the conductor is to beat time.

answer

False

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?

answer

Snare drum

question

false

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt, the brass family plays throughout.

question

the brass start and the strings take over

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt:

question

the grand conclusion of the piece

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt:

question

brass

answer

This example is played by the ________.

question

whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton

answer

Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that a conductor makes?

question

woodwind family

answer

Which instrument family plays this example?

question

in area No. 2

answer

Seating Chart of the Traditional Symphony OrchestraWhere do the viola players sit?

question

french horns

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.Which brass instruments are featured prominently in this selection?

question

snare drum

answer

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?

question

false

answer

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts

question

The height of vocal music in the church was written by:

answer

Palestrina

question

Stirring brass music, performed in Venice, composed by:

answer

Gabrieli

question

The Venetian School in St. Mark's Basilica provided:

answer

early brass music

question

A secular 'a-cappella' vocal style, performed in homes, was called:

answer

a Madrigal

question

Madrigals were first created in:

answer

Italy

question

Madrigals were greatly enhanced by the:

answer

composers of England

question

One of the greatest of the English Madrigal composers was:

answer

Sir Thomas Morley

question

The term 'a Cappella' means:

answer

vocal music without accompaniment

question

As a reversal of the rules from the Council of Trent:

answer

Palestrina saved polyphony

question

The Catholic Church countered the reform nation with its own:

answer

Counter Reformation

question

One of the greatest composers the mid Renaissance was:

answer

Josquin Desprez

question

Musica Reservata refers to:

answer

Reserved musicCalm and beautiful

question

The style of harmony based on the interval of a 3rd is called:

answer

Tertian Harmony

question

The music of John Dunstable is well known for:

answer

The usage of the 3rd

question

The Council of Trent opposed the usage of:

answer

Florid polyphony

question

The Protestant church was born because of:

answer

The Reformation

question

English Madrigals were known for:

answer

"Nonsense" syllables such as fa, la, la

question

The Lutheran Church was founded by:

answer

Martin Luther

question

Madrigals, sung for pleasure in homes:

answer

We're typically a-Cappella

question

Madrigals typically used:

answer

"Pastoral" texts

question

Martin Luther wanted his church service to be:

answer

Centered on the Chorale

question

Palestrina wrote the famous:

answer

Pope Marsellus mass

question

The middle class made huge gains during the:

answer

Renaissance

question

Madrigals provided great enjoyment when:

answer

Sung in the home

question

The great composer Giovanni Pierluigi is known by his towns name:

answer

Palestrina

question

The reformation was begun by a German priest named:

answer

Martin Luther

question

The Dance Suite was the most popular usage of instrumental music:

answer

During the era

question

The renaissance is said to have spanned the years from:

answer

1400-1600

question

Italy was the main center of musical activity during the:

answer

16th century

question

The meaning of the French word Renaissance means:

answer

Rebirth

question

Chordophones

answer

Instruments with strings that can be plucked or bowed

question

The shape of the sound waves produced by a violin is what makes it sound like a violin.

answer

True

question

The shape of the sound waves produced by a voice or instrument determines timbre.

answer

True

question

If someone said that instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?

answer

False

question

Aerophones

answer

Instruments that sound by means of vibrating air

question

Idiophone

answer

an instrument the whole of which vibrates to produce a sound when struck, shaken, or scraped, such as a bell, gong, or rattle.

question

Membranophone

answer

instruments, typically drums, that use a vibrating stretched membrane as the principal means of sound production

question

Which of the following expressions is often used in reference to timbre?

answer

Tone color

question

To keep things straight, musical instruments can only belong to one instrument classification.

answer

False

question

If someone said that instruments that produce sounds via vibrating columns of air are called aerophones, would that be a true or false statement?

answer

True

question

Descending intervals are calculated differently from ascending ones.

answer

False

question

The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:ThirdSixthFifthFourth

answer

Fifth

question

Which of the following is a true statement?A synonym for distance is octaveThe fifth is a kind of octaveInterval is the name of a particular octave sizeOctave is the name of a particular interval size

answer

Octave is the name of a particular interval size

question

The two tones of an octave vibrate at the same frequency rate.

answer

False:The two tones of an octave DO NOT vibrate at the same frequency rate: the higher tone vibrates at twice the frequency rate of the lower tone.

question

The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies.

answer

False:The two notes of an octave sound similar, not exactly the same.

question

The interval between D and the next G above that D, is called a:FourthFifthOctaveThird

answer

Fourth

question

The distance between two pitches is called a/an _________

answer

interval

question

When calculating intervals, both the start and end notes should be included in the count.

answer

True

question

Ascending and descending intervals are calculated:Exactly the sameDifferently because one goes upwards and the other downwardsTaking into account white and black keys.Carefully considering ascending or descending frequencies

answer

A: Exactly the same

question

The descending interval between A and F is a:FifthFourthThirdSecond

answer

Third

question

The text states that __________ is the essential element in music

answer

Rhythm

question

In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical __________

answer

Notation

question

Which of the two following statements is true?

answer

Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.

answer

False

question

Time values in music are expressed in:

answer

Relative terms

question

The value of the ______ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.

answer

whole

question

Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests.

answer

True

question

One of the main purposes of music notation is to preserve the oral tradition of almost every type of society.

answer

False

question

A rest symbol indicates:

answer

A period of silence

question

instrument heard

answer

horn

question

A cadential point brings the musical phrase to a resting point, which may or may not be followed by a pause.

answer

example c

question

The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.

answer

true

question

Which of the following excerpts from See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes uses loud dynamics?

answer

Example A

question

Dynamic variety refers to the use of different sound sources.

answer

False, refers to different volumes

question

Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre.

answer

True

question

Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes.Which of the following two excerpts combines more instruments and louder dynamics?

answer

Example A

question

Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes.Which of the following excerpts combines ensemble playing and soft dynamics?

answer

Example B

question

Listen to the following excerpts of Idea A from G. F. Handel's See Here the Conqu'ring Hero Comes.Which one is played by a solo instrument?

answer

Example B

question

Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.

answer

False; unity is for familiarity and variety for interest and unexpected

question

The following is an example of solo performer

answer

False; can hear wind and string

question

The following features instrumental, string, vocal, or percussion?

answer

vocal, sounds like opera

question

The following features a musical ensemble

answer

False, solo piano

question

The performer acts as a bridge between the composer and the listener.

answer

True

question

Interpretation is one of the composer's most important tasks.

answer

False, performer is interpreter

question

The following excerpt features a musical ensemble(Hallelujah)

answer

True

question

Deep River is an example of Jazz

answer

False; spiritual piece

question

The following features a solo performer

answer

True: quick paced solo piano

question

According to Booker T. Washington, plantation songs have nothing to do with religious fervor.

answer

False

question

Great performers possess outstanding technique but may not have deep musical understanding.

answer

False; technique and understanding

question

A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

True

question

Referential listeners are most common types of listeners

answer

False; casual are

question

Music not associated with particular story, image, object, or event is called

answer

Absolute

question

Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional charecters

answer

false; for example Symphonia Fantastique

question

This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?

answer

enjoy music as background

question

The critical listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.

answer

false; that's perspective listener

question

The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.

answer

true

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

False; perceptive listeners combine all 3 charecteristics and is not limited to any 1

question

Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.

answer

true

question

Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?

answer

The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"

question

Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?

answer

Excerpt B was used in the text to illustrate program music. Listen to how the music tells a story with a quick tempo, interesting instrumentation and a skipping elf-like rhythm at the beginning.

question

Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.

answer

true;Jazz predecessors include, among others, plantation songs, spirituals, and river boat music.

question

Art music is superior to folk or popular music

answer

False

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

false, cannot agree

question

Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.

answer

False, that would me folk- no written documents or music scores

question

Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been created by individual

answer

True

question

According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not mutually exclusive genres.

answer

True

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

True

question

According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music.

answer

False; rich, varied, and complicated

question

Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

answer

True

question

A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years.

answer

False

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?

answer

Excerpt A; drum african music

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?

answer

Excerpt B; wind instruments

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of art music?

answer

Excerpt B- sounds like mozart or somethin

question

According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.

answer

False, Russian character not Romanian

question

Which of the following most likely contains an improvised solo?

answer

Excerpt C; Jazz solo

question

Riff

answer

short melodic and rhythmic patterns

question

short segments played by piano alone

answer

riffs

question

A rest symbol indicates:

answer

period of silence

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.

answer

False, only duration

question

Time values are expressed in absolute terms

answer

False; only relative terms

question

A notes duration is indicated by

answer

whether note head is filled in or not and # of flags on stem

question

Text states that________ is essential element in music

answer

rhythm

question

in western tradition, note symbol indicates pitch

answer

false, indicates duration not pitchpitch is by notehead on specific line or space on staff

question

Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests

answer

true

question

Which of the two following statements is true?Time values in music are expressed in absolute terms.Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

answer

Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.

question

Value of a ___ note serves as basis for relative value of all other notes

answer

whole note

question

IN western tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical _____

answer

notation

question

The frequency of the lowest sound that the normal human ear can perceive ranges between 16 and 20 Hertz.

answer

True

question

A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.

answer

False; Regardless of how hard we pluck it, a long string will always vibrate at a slower frequency than a shorter one and, therefore, will produce a lower pitch.

question

The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:

answer

16 and 20,000 hertz

question

The following excerpt from Pictures at an Exhibition features low pitches.

answer

True

question

Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?

answer

one cycle per second

question

Which of the following excerpts suggests increasing tension in the music?

answer

excerpt B suggests an increase in tension brought about through the increasing rise in pitch

question

It is very important to recognize that pitch is a relative concept.

answer

true

question

In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:

answer

The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff

question

Each line and space on the staff represents a different:

answer

Pitch

question

The collection of parallel lines and spaces on which notes are written is called notation.

answer

false; that would be staff

question

The staff is a system of:

answer

5 lines and 4 spaces

question

In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration

answer

true

question

A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.

answer

False;

question

The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B

answer

flat

question

The name of the white key in between the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:

answer

D

question

If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:

answer

twice as fast

question

The interval between any two adjacent C's on the keyboard is called a/an

answer

Octave

question

We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G

answer

true

question

The black key to the right of G is called G

answer

G Sharp

question

The key indicated by the arrow above is correctly labeled.

answer

false, F sharp or G flat

question

If the frequency of the C in the middle is 256 Hz, the corresponding frequencies on either side of that C are

answer

512 Hz on the one to the right, and 128 Hz on the one to the left

question

The pitch letter names correspond to:

answer

the white keys on a piano

question

When keys that correspond to consecutive letter names are played sequentially they create a

answer

Scale

question

Which of the following is a true statement?

answer

Octave is name of particular interval size

question

The distance between two pitches is called a/an

answer

interval

question

The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies

answer

false; similar not same

question

The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:

answer

fifth

question

Ascending and descending intervals are calculated:

answer

exactly the same

question

Percussion players produce more or less volume by changing bow pressure and speed.

answer

False; they don't use a bow

question

The volume of this excerpt is an example of crescendo.

answer

False; volume is constant

question

Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:

answer

His work in music education

question

Volume of Beethovens Pastoral Symphony is decrescendo

answer

true; becomes softer

question

Musical excerpt is an example of piano volume

answer

False; This excerpt from Chopin's Revolutionary Étude is an example of forte volume

question

Music excerpt is an example of forte

answer

true; This excerpt from Antonin Dvorak's Slavonic Dance No. 8 is an example of forte.

question

This volume excerpt is an example of

answer

crescendo; louder

question

A pianist's skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer's____

answer

touch

question

Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas.

answer

false; one of most imp opera composers

question

For the most part, pianists and harpsichordists don't have direct contact with the strings of their instruments. Therefore, they manipulate sound through a ____mechanism.

answer

keyboard mechanism attached to a hammer (piano) or plectrum (harpsichord) that strikes or plucks the strings.

question

Which of the following factors that influence dynamic change is at work in the following example?

answer

energy

question

As a musical concept, dynamics covers only the overall loudness or softness of a piece of music.

answer

false; also gradual volume changes

question

The volume of this excerpt is an example of which of the following

answer

piano

question

volume of this excerpt is loud

answer

false

question

Which of the following two excerpts uses soft dynamics?

answer

excerpt B; beethovens moonlight sonata

question

volume and dynamic are interchangeable terms

answer

true

question

Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamic

answer

well into 17th C

question

composers starterd writing dynamic markings in scores bc

answer

new instruments allowed for more dynamic ranges and contrast

question

instrument played in this excerpt

answer

chordophone; guitar

question

instrument played with flute

answer

aerophone

question

instrument played : synthesizer

answer

electrphone

question

According to the classification of instruments by sound source, the one in this example is a/an:

answer

cello: chordophone

question

The electric guitar can be considered as both a chordophone and a/an:

answer

electrophone

question

snare drum

answer

membranophone

question

traditional drum set. According to instrument classification by sound source, which of the following groups are represented here?

answer

idiophones and membranophones

question

Timbre is often referred to as _________ color.

answer

tone

question

Listen to this excerpt from Midsummer Night's Dream. Which instrument classification is represented?

answer

aerophone

question

instrument playing: tapping of chutes

answer

idiophone

question

range most prominent from Listen to these two excerpts from Carmina Burana

answer

excerpt B soprano

question

super deep male

answer

bass

question

super high female

answer

soprano

question

The song Dark Eyes is sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment. This type of vocal group is called:

answer

A cappella choir

question

soprano register lies between alto and tenor ranges

answer

false;soprano is highest female range

question

High male voice

answer

tenor

question

The aria Lucevan le Stelle is from the opera Gianni Schicci by Giacomo Puccini

answer

false; from opera tosca

question

The English madrigal is characterized by:

answer

intensity and intimacy of choral writing

question

The aria Lucevan le Stelle is composed for a/an:

answer

tenor

question

The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.

answer

false

question

triumph music

answer

by brass

question

sole function of conductor is beat time

answer

false

question

viola players sit

answer

dead center front

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.

answer

string family

question

Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that the conductor of a symphony orchestra makes?

answer

whether to use modern or old fashioned baton

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.

answer

french horns

question

What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?

answer

make sure when approporiate, players improvise parts correctly

question

According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicans are permited to improvise their parts

answer

false

question

A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.

answer

true

question

What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra?

answer

violin concerto

question

The text states that guitars are strummed or __________.

answer

plucked

question

Which of the following is NOT a way to produce sound in string instruments?

answer

blowing

question

The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.

answer

true

question

which instrument carries melody

answer

violin

question

____ is an instrumental technique that, in the case of string players, consists of a quick back and forth movement or rocking of the finger that is in contact with the string, with the intent of producing a fluctuation in pitch.

answer

vibrato

question

The main orchestral string instruments are:

answer

Violin, viola, cello, and double bass

question

The sound of string instruments is produced by a _______ stretched between two points.

answer

string

question

How does a violinist control dynamics?

answer

By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings

question

Listen to this excerpt from Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra.

answer

harp

question

Which string instrument is featured in this excerpt from Paganini's 24 Caprices?

answer

violin

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instruments represents the Peter?

answer

strings

question

The French technical term for "mouthpiece" is la bouche.

answer

false; embouchure

question

The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines __________.

answer

volume

question

The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:

answer

flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon

question

Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen.

answer

flute

question

Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf?

answer

bassoon

question

Identify the single reed instrument:

answer

clarinet

question

Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:

answer

oboe, bassoon

question

Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?

answer

clarinet

question

Which woodwind instrument is the soloist playing in this example?

answer

flute

question

Listen to this excerpt by the Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev.

answer

bassoon

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "duck"?

answer

oboe

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "grandfather"?

answer

bassoon

question

In Prokofiev's: "Peter and the Wolf", which instrument represents the "cat"?

answer

clarinet

question

In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.

answer

TRUE

question

Which instrument, along with the orchestra, plays this example?

answer

oboe

question

This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.

answer

horn

question

The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:

answer

trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba

question

Which instrument of the brass family plays the melody in this example?

answer

trumpet

question

Which brass instrument plays the melody in this example?

answer

trombone

question

Listen to the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev's Symphony No. 6. There is a dialogue between a high-sounding part and a low one.

answer

tuba

question

Which of the following is a member of the brass family?

answer

brass trombone

question

The name trombone is derived from the Italian term for trumpet.

answer

true

question

Listen to this excerpt from Aaron Copland's Fanfare for the Common Man.

answer

trumpet

question

Which of the following factors contribute to brass instruments having a "brassy" timbre?

answer

all the above

question

In brass instruments, pitch depends on the ______of the air column.

answer

length

question

This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.

answer

trumpet

question

Castanets are non-pitched instruments.

answer

true; idiophones under concussion group

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:

answer

cymbals

question

Scholars have been able to determine the origin of the xylophone with absolute certainty.

answer

false

question

Percussion instruments where two similar objects are clapped together to produce a sound can be further classified under the ____ group.

answer

concussion/idiophone

question

Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?

answer

timpani; can be tuned

question

Kettledrum is another name for timpani.

answer

true

question

Listen to this excerpt from Also sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss.

answer

timpani/kettle drums

question

The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.

answer

false

question

Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.

answer

true

question

The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.

answer

false; soloist plus orchestra

question

The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.

answer

recital

question

Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.

answer

false

question

The term controller refers to:

answer

The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument

question

The first known instance of a harpsichord dates from:

answer

1397

question

When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.

answer

quill;pluck

question

Upon its invention, the fortepiano eclipsed the popularity of the harpsichord:

answer

for next 200 years

question

All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.

answer

false; not all built same

question

The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.

answer

false; in 16th, 17th, and 18th CIt was used in chamber and orchestral music, and also in opera.

question

There are___keys in a full size piano keyboard.

answer

88

question

When performing, pianists are in direct contact with the source of the sound.

answer

false

question

The upright piano was first developed in:

answer

Philly, US

question

The one-piece cast-iron frame, a crucial development in the history of the piano, was invented by:

answer

Alpheus Babcock of Boston, USA in 1825

question

The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:

answer

moves hammer closer to strings

question

In the organ, volume is determined by:

answer

wind pressure

question

The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.

answer

keyboard, pipes

question

The function of the organ's stops is to:

answer

control flow of air to pipes

question

The first organ used water to control wind pressure.

answer

true; hydraulos

question

In the organ, pipe length determines:

answer

pitch

question

function of amplifier

answer

amplifies loudness

question

The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.

answer

true

question

Identify the false statement:

answer

Synthesizers have always had a well-established presence in standard ensembles.

question

The sound source of a the synthesizer is an oscillator.

answer

true

question

Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.

answer

false

question

A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years

answer

False

question

Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.

answer

False

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

false

question

Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.

answer

True

question

According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.0:00-3:20

answer

false

question

A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years

answer

False

question

The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:

answer

Notated in music scores as a means of transmission from composer to performer

question

Listen to the piano playing in this excerpt.0:18-0:26What are the short segments played by the piano alone?

answer

riffs

question

-Play-The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:

answer

Not notated (at least, not in the traditional sense), and includes many improvised sections and solos

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

True

question

Art music is superior to folk or popular music.

answer

false

question

Riffs refers to:

answer

Short melodic and rhythmic patterns

question

Listen to the piano playing in this excerpt.What are the short segments played by the piano alone?

answer

Riffs

question

Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.

answer

true

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

True

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?A. PlayB. PlayC. Play

answer

Excerpt A

question

Riffs refers to:

answer

Short melodic and rhythmic patterns

question

Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.

answer

false

question

Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

answer

True

question

Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been written by an individual.

answer

true

question

According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music

answer

False

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?

answer

Excerpt B

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?A) 0:00-2:49B) 0:00-3:46C)0:00-6:10

answer

Excerpt B

question

-Play-The excerpt you just heard belongs to a type of music that is:

answer

Notated in music scores as a means of transmission from composer to performer

question

Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?

answer

Excerpt A

question

In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.

answer

true

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

False

question

According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.

answer

False

question

Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.

answer

true

question

Art music is superior to folk or popular music.

answer

False

question

A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

true

question

What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?

answer

absolute

question

Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?

answer

The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat"

question

The Concerts spirituels were founded by musicians of the Paris opera to lend legitimacy to the playing of instrumental music during religious festivals.

answer

true

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music

answer

false

question

A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

false

question

Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.

answer

false

question

Which movement from Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique includes a ranz des vaches:

answer

"Scenes from the Field"

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

false

question

This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach's Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?

answer

enjoy the music as background

question

The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.

answer

True

question

Referential listeners are the most common type of listeners.

answer

False

question

Which of the following is true of the casual listener?

answer

Describes music using vocabulary such as "mellow" and "upbeat."

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

False

question

What do we call music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event?

answer

Absolute

question

Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with extra-musical connections or associations.

answer

False

question

The perceptive listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.

answer

True

question

Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?

answer

Excerpt B

question

Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.

answer

True

question

A referential listener is a person that is mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.

answer

False

question

Critical Listener

answer

primary motivation is to identify what is wrong with a performance. For very scrupulous critical listeners, every detail of the performance must be perfect, including the accuracy of the notes. Such listeners may even demand perfection in live music, with anything short of perfection considered a poor performance.

question

Tempo

answer

The speed of the rhythm of a composition. Tempo is measured according to beats per minute. A very fast tempo, prestissimo, has between 200 and 208 beats per minute, presto has 168 to 200 beats per minute, allegro has between 120 and 168 beats per minute, moderato has 108 to 120 beats per minute, andante has 76 to 108, adagio has 66 to 76, larghetto has 60 to 66, and largo, the slowest tempo, has 40 to 60.

question

Perceptive Listener

answer

combines the characteristics of the previous three types of listeners but is not limited by them. The perceptive listener:

question

Perceptive listener like the casual

answer

Enjoys sound for sound's sake, but asks:What is it in the music that makes me feel this way?Is it the way the performer is interpreting the music?Is it because of the volume or speed at which it is played?Is it because it is sung, played by instruments, or because it has a good balance of unity and variety?Is it a combination of all these elements?If so, which combination is at work?

question

Perceptive Listener like the Referential

answer

Like the referential listener, may have associations with the music being heard, but also tries to remember:When and where the music was heard most recently.What other works from that composer or performer she knows.

question

Perceptive Listener like the Critical

answer

is aware of the quality of a performance but goes beyond the technical aspects to seek understanding and appreciation of the human and cultural values embodied in the music.

question

Perceptive Listener Contd'

answer

Attends concerts regularly and listens with concentration.Uses appropriate musical vocabulary, not lay terms like "mellow" or "upbeat," to describe music.Tries to develop an awareness of different musical styles and realizes that there are significant and valid differences among these styles. The perceptive listener is open to all kinds of music.Realizes that music is created for many different purposes and by many different kinds of people.Really tries to understand the music and what makes it interesting before passing judgment on it.Would never decide that she does not like a certain kind of music without having listened to it.Tries to learn something about the music before listening to a live or recorded performance of it.Is aware of the fact that a piece of music, regardless of style, might take some time to reveal its structure, meaning and beauty, and is therefore prepared to reserve judgment until she has heard it many times.

question

Antonio Vilvaldi's Concerto in F minor (Winter)

answer

It is one of four compositions that, as a group, form a work called The Four Seasons. A fine example of program music, each of the four compositions depicts one of the four seasons of the year. Vivaldi also wrote poems to accompany each movement and linked lines of the poems to corresponding sections of the music.

question

Program Music

answer

Compositions with extra-musical content that directs the attention of the listener to a literary or pictoral association. Program music was especially popular in the 19th century.

question

The character of the minuet is best described as

answer

Stately and dignified

question

A common rondo pattern is

answer

ABACABA

question

A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called a

answer

cadenza

question

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

answer

fast, slow, dance-related, fast.

question

In many of Beethoven's works there is a ______ movement instead of the minuet.

answer

scherzo

question

The classical concerto is a large-scale work in three movements for

answer

solo instrument and orchestra

question

the standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by

answer

Ludwig von Köchel

question

Chamber music is characterized by

answer

having one performer per part

question

A string quartet is a musical composition for

answer

2 violins, viola, cello

question

Classicism, as a stylistic period in music, figured prominently during the years

answer

1750-1820

question

Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as

answer

AA'A''A'''A''''.

question

The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of

answer

strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani

question

The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony.

answer

third

question

A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for

answer

piano

question

One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the

answer

early Baroque

question

The early baroque was characterized by

answer

homophonic texture

question

The middle baroque was characterized by

answer

A diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe.

question

A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the

answer

clavichord

question

Affections in baroque usage refers to

answer

Emotional states or moods of music

question

The intellectual movement called humanism

answer

focused on human life and its accomplishments

question

Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass? Credo, Kyrie, Ave Maria, Gloria.

answer

Ave Maria

question

The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the mass and the

answer

motet

question

The Renaissance madrigal is a

answer

Piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love.

question

Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called

answer

dynamics

question

The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called

answer

pitch

question

The bow that string players usually use to produce sound on their instruments is a slightly curved stick strung tightly with

answer

horsehair

question

If a string player uses vibrato — rocking of the left hand to produce small pitch fluctuations — it is because

answer

using vibrato makes the tone warmer and more expressive

question

Symphonic bands differ from symphonic orchestras in that they

answer

do not contain a string section

question

A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a

answer

cadence

question

A short, detached style of playing a melody is known as

answer

staccato

question

A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time is called

answer

a chord

question

Harmony refers to

answer

the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other

question

A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a

answer

dissonance

question

A combination of tones that is considered stable and restful is called a

answer

consonance

question

Another term for key is

answer

tonality

question

The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the

answer

tonic

question

when a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is called

answer

imitation.

question

When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is

answer

homophonic

question

The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is

answer

monophonic

question

The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called

answer

counterpoint

question

When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is

answer

polyphonic

question

Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called

answer

variation

question

The organization of musical ideas in time is called

answer

form

question

The form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counter statement would be called

answer

binary

question

Music can be defined as...

answer

...an art based on the organization of sounds in time.

question

The four main properties of musical sound are pitch, dynamic, tone color, and...

answer

...duration.

question

The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called...

answer

...pitch.

question

A sound that has a definite pitch is called a...

answer

...tone.

question

The distance in pitch between any two tones is called an...

answer

...interval.

question

When tones are separated by the interval called an _______, they sound very much alike.

answer

octave

question

The distance between the lowest and highest tones an instrument can produce is called its...

answer

...pitch range.

question

Dynamics in music refers to...

answer

...degrees of loudness and softness.

question

A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a...

answer

...diminuendo.

question

Timbre is synonymous with...

answer

...tone color.

question

Which of the following is not a normal classification of male vocal ranges?

answer

Contralto (correct answer)BaritoneTenorBass

question

A symphonic band consists of mainly...

answer

...brass, woodwind, and percussion.

question

Plucking the string with a finger instead of using a bow is called....

answer

...pizzicato.

question

Woodwind instruments are so named because...

answer

...they were originally made of wood.

question

The ______ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch.

answer

timpani

question

The ______ has strings that a plucked by a set of plastic, quill, or leather wedges.

answer

harpsichord

question

Rapidly repeating tones by quick up and down strokes of the bow is known as...

answer

...tremolo.

question

regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time

answer

beat

question

organization of beats into regular groups is called

answer

meter

question

the first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the

answer

downbeat

question

this term refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music

answer

tempo

question

in musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five lines called a

answer

staff

question

the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch

answer

sequence

question

musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other

answer

harmony

question

a series of chords is called a

answer

progression

question

the simplest most basic chord in western music is the

answer

triad

question

chromatic is used in music to refer to the

answer

twelve tones of an octave

question

when two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is

answer

polyphonic

question

a round is an example of

answer

strict imitation

question

homophonic texture consists of

answer

one main melody accompanied by chords

question

some feature of a music idea are changed, but others are retained, the technique is referred to as

answer

variation

question

ordered flow of music through time

answer

rhythm

question

in musical notation, silence is indicated by

answer

rests

question

combination of tones that are unusable and tense

answer

dissonance

question

central tone around which a musical composition is organized

answer

tonic

question

texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is

answer

monophonic

question

middle ages in european history

answer

450-1450

question

who held virtual monopoly on learning in middle ages

answer

monks in monasteries

question

most medieval music was

answer

vocal

question

the music medieval monks made was

answer

gregorian chant

question

texture of gregorian chant

answer

monophonic

question

earliest chant manuscripts from what century

answer

ninth

question

earliest extant liturgical morality play, Ordo virtutum (Play of the Virtues), was composed by

answer

Hildegard of Bingen

question

The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by

answer

french nobles called troubadors

question

first steps toward the development of polyphony were taken sometime between 700 and 900, when

answer

monks began to add a second line to gregorian chant

question

gregorian chant with one additional melodic line

answer

organum

question

center of polyphonic music in europe after 1150 was

answer

paris

question

earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm

answer

Loenin and Perotin

question

"ars nova" refers to

answer

italian and french music of the fourteenth century

question

Renaissance in music occured between

answer

1450-1600

question

texture of renaissance music is chiefly

answer

polyphonic

question

two main forms of sacred renaissance music are

answer

mass and motet

question

the renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in

answer

Italy

question

Weelkes's "As Vesta Was Descending" is notable for its

answer

word painting

question

nuns and monks sang at what two types of services

answer

office and mass

question

a capella refers to

answer

unaccompanied choral music

question

baroque style flourished in music during this period

answer

1600-1750

question

early baroque period was characterized by

answer

homophonic texture

question

Montoverdi created music that was

answer

passionate and dramatic

question

instrumental music became as important as vocal music a this time

answer

middle baroque

question

a baroque musical composition usually expresses ________ within the same movement

answer

constantly changing moods

question

sudden alterations between loud and soft

answer

terraced dynamics

question

main keyboard instuments of the baroque era were

answer

piano and harpsichord

question

most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of

answer

basso continuo

question

a movement in music usually refers to

answer

piece that can be independent but is part of a larger composition

question

three movements of concerto grosso

answer

fast, slow, fast

question

first and last movements of concerto grosso are in what form

answer

ritornello

question

main theme of a fugue is called the

answer

subject

question

a play set to music with orchestral accompaniment with costumes and actors

answer

operas

question

the text or book of a musical dramatic work

answer

libretto

question

vocal line that imitates fluctuations of speech

answer

recitative

question

camerata wanted the vocal line of their music to follow

answer

rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech

question

first european opera house to offer admission to anyone paying the price opened in

answer

venice, italy

question

castrati

answer

lung power of man, range of woman, highly paid, castrated (all answers correct)

question

statement is not true about monteverdi

answer

all twelve of his operas are performed regularly in europe and america

question

Dido and Aeneas was composed by

answer

Henry Purcell

question

vivaldi spend most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in

answer

venice

question

vivaldi was famous as a virtuoso on what instrument

answer

violin

question

vivaldi wrote appox how many concerto grosso and solo concertos

answer

450

question

Bach was most eminent of his day with what instrument

answer

organ

question

Bach created masterpieces in every from except

answer

opera

question

sets of dance inspired instrumental movements

answer

suites

question

baroque suites typically begin with

answer

french overture

question

congregational singing of chorales was an important way for people to

answer

participate in the service

question

bach's cantatas closely resembled what of that time

answer

operas

question

sonata intended to be played in a church

answer

sonata de chiesa

question

Corelli's Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is scored for

answer

two violins and basso continuo

question

a vivaldi concerto typically has

answer

three

question

vivaldi wrote concertos for a great variety of instruments (T/F)

answer

true

question

A two-part collection of preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach's

answer

well-tempered clavier

question

which of the following is not a part of baroque suite

answer

waltz

question

two sections of a french overture

answer

slow-fast

question

A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the

answer

cantata

question

how many performers in baroque trio sonata

answer

four

question

dates for classicism in western art music

answer

1750-1820

question

which is not a sonata form movement

answer

rondo

question

concluding section of sonata form movement

answer

coda

question

theme and variations form may be outlined as

answer

AA'A''A'''A''''.

question

minuet and trio movement of classical symphony is in what form

answer

ABA

question

minuet is generally what number movement of a classical symphony

answer

third

question

beethoven replaces what kind of movement for the minuet in many of his works

answer

scherzo

question

rondo may be schematically outlined as

answer

ABACABA

question

return of the main theme in rondo form is welcome because it is in what key

answer

tonic

question

rondo most often serves as the

answer

finale

question

first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast and in what form

answer

sonata

question

usual order of movements in classical symphony is

answer

fast, slow, dance-related, fast

question

a concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for

answer

an instrumental soloist and orchestra

question

mozart and beethoven wrote concertos for their favorite instrument, the

answer

piano

question

sequence of movements in classical concerto is

answer

fast, slow, fast

question

first movement of a classical concerto has

answer

two expositions

question

classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it doesn't have these movements

answer

minuet or scherzo

question

In the classical period, comic operas sometimes

answer

ridiculed the aristocracy

question

In the exposition of a sonata form movement...

answer

the second theme is in a new key

question

each successive variation in a theme with variations

answer

retains some elements of the theme

question

pieces of an oratorio are usually connected by means of

answer

a narrators recitatives

question

handel's messiah is an example of

answer

an oratorio

question

Handel spent a major portion of his time in

answer

England

question

the core of Handel's output was english oratorios and italian...

answer

operas

question

oratorio differs from opera in that is has no

answer

acting, costumes or scenery

question

Oratorios first appeared in

answer

Italy

question

2 violins, viola, cello, four movements, most important form in chamber music

answer

string quartet

question

Haydn's two popular oratorios: the seasons and

answer

the creation

question

Mozart's symphony no. 40 in Gmin is

answer

one of his last three symphonies

question

major factor that distinguishes chamber music from symphony

answer

one player per part

question

in addition to 68 string quartets, how many symphonies did Haydn write?

answer

104

question

where were the 12 symphonies for JP Saloman first performed? (Named the _______ symphonies)

answer

London

question

family that helped make Haydn famous

answer

Esterhazy

question

mozart's finest german opera

answer

the magic flute

question

piano trio is written for what 3 instruments?

answer

violin, cello, piano

question

after he went deaf, his compositions included piano sonatas, string quartets, and the 9th symphony. these are some of beethoven's...

answer

late works

question

beethoven had 16 of these, and they were considered some of the greatest ever recorded

answer

string quartets

question

piano sonata is for...

answer

piano only

question

Beethoven's third symphony commemorated

answer

Napoleon

question

beethoven had a habbit of carrying a

answer

musical sketchbook

question

beethoven's only opera is entitled

answer

Fidelio

question

Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.

answer

True

question

Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.

answer

True

question

Musical connotation is reinforced by the use of certain instruments.

answer

True

question

Music only affects our feelings and thoughts.

answer

False

question

Which of the following statements is Not true?

answer

Music cannot be used for utilitarian purposes.

question

Musical associations remained fixed in time.

answer

False

question

Igor Stravinsky did not believe expression to be the primary purpose of music.

answer

True

question

Whose mythology was filled with references to the healing power of music? ( Greek? Ancient Egyptian? Chinese?)

answer

All of the Above

question

Which instrument is not an the name of a type of African talking drum:

answer

Yoruba

question

Musical connotation happens when music is associated with extra-musical events or experiences.

answer

True

Midterm Master Quizlet - Quizzes Studymoose (2024)

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What is considered cheating on a test? ›

Cheating includes, but is not limited to: lying; copying from another's test or examination; discussion at any time of questions or answers on an examination or test, unless such discussion is specifically authorized by the instructor; taking or receiving copies of an exam without the permission of the instructor; ...

What are examples of cheating on a test? ›

Copying from another student during an examination or allowing another to copy your work. Unauthorized collaboration on a take home assignment or examination. Using notes during a closed book examination. Taking an examination for another student, or asking or allowing another student to take an examination for you.

What is not considered cheating on a test? ›

Things That Are Not Considered Cheating

for study and/or clarification purposes • Any approved collaboration, use of technology, smart phones in order to prepare for test. Any approved notes, books, etc.

What are specific examples of cheating Quizlet? ›

Examples of cheating include, but are not limited to the following: Copying from the work of another student. Sharing passwords or logging into any Regis account that is not your own. (This also violates the Information Technology (IT) policy.)

What percent of students have cheated on a test? ›

Cheating is getting worse

The study provided statistics from two academic years. In the first year, it revealed 59% of cheating high-school students, but in the next year, the number surged to 95%.

Can teachers see if you cheat on a test? ›

The short answer is yes. Online exams can detect cheating. Authentication procedures, web monitoring, data forensics, and proctoring (just to name a few) make it hard for examinees to get away with cheating.

Can colleges see if you cheated on a test? ›

Most high schools will also put any cheating allegations on a student's record. Colleges will be able to see this and may not want to take a chance on a student that was caught cheating in high school. They may think that they will just continue to cheat their way through college.

Where can I hide my answers for a test? ›

Hidden Notes on Thigh

Taping notes on your thigh, then covering it up with your shorts or skirt is a tried-and-true cheating trick that does work most of the time. All you need to do is to make sure that your execution is perfect so you don't get caught and actually get to put down the right answers.

How many people get caught cheating on a test? ›

In his study of 1,800 college students, Professor Donald McCabe noted that 15% turned in a fake term paper (either from a mill or a website), 84% cheated on written assignments and 52% plagiarized one or more sentences for a paper. 95% of cheaters don't get caught.

Why do students cheat on tests? ›

The most common reason students cite for committing academic dishonesty is that they ran out of time. The good news is that this is almost always avoidable. Good time management skills are a must for success in college (as well as in life).

What is Microcheating? ›

Micro cheating refers to acts of seemingly trivial, inappropriate behaviors that occur outside of one's devoted relationship, often done unintentionally.

What are the four types of academic dishonesty? ›

Academic Dishonesty Defined
  • Cheating.
  • Plagiarism.
  • Fabrication or falsification.
  • Sabotage.

What is the most common form of cheating in schools? ›

One of the most common forms of cheating is plagiarism, using another's words or ideas without proper citation.

What is one common thing all cheaters have in common? ›

Cheaters are impulsive, and can't resist taking that risk despite what it might cost them. Cheaters, like bullies, are fueled by power, and drawn to risk. This kind of behavior, however, is a reflection of something deeply rooted inside of them.

What can teachers see on Quizlet? ›

If you're subscribed to Quizlet Plus for teachers, you can use Class Progress to see your students' study activity and best scores. While Quizlet isn't intended to be an assessment tool, you can inform your instruction by viewing class data that shows you which terms are missed most often.

Is Quizlet academic dishonesty? ›

We prohibit all forms of cheating and academic dishonesty on our platform. Our Community Guidelines and Honor Code prohibit the posting of cheating material on our website and mobile apps.

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